American English

Definition of crop noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary



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    plants for food
  1. 1[countable] a plant that is grown in large quantities, especially as food Sugar is an important crop on the island. crop rotation/production/yield The crops are regularly sprayed with pesticides. Topic CollocationsFarminggrowing food and raising animals plant trees/seeds/crops/vines/barley grow/produce corn/wheat/rice/fruit plow land/a field sow/harvest seeds/crops/fields spread manure/fertilizer on something cultivate/irrigate/water/contaminate crops/plants/fields/land damage/destroy/lose your crop ripen/pick fruit/berries/grapes press/dry/ferment grapes grind/thresh grain/corn/wheat raise/rear/keep chickens/poultry/cattle/pigs raise/breed/feed/graze livestock/cattle/sheep butcher/kill/slaughter livestock preserve/smoke/cure/salt meatmodern farming run a fish farm/an organic dairy farm engage in/be involved in intensive (pig/fish) farming use/apply (chemical/organic) fertilizer/insecticides/pesticides begin/do/conduct field trials of GM (= genetically modified) crops grow/develop GM crops/seeds/plants/foods fund/invest in genetic engineering/research improve/increase crop yields face/suffer from/alleviate food shortages label food that contains GMOs (= genetically modified organisms) eliminate/reduce farm subsidies oppose/be against factory farming/GM food promote/encourage/support organic/sustainable farming see also cash crop
  2. 2[countable] the amount of grain, fruit, etc. that is grown in one season synonym harvest a fall in this year's coffee crop We are looking forward to a bumper crop (= a very large one).
  3. group of people
  4. 3[singular] a crop of something a group of people who do something at the same time; a number of things that happen at the same time the current crop of trainees She is really the cream of the crop (= the best in her group). a crop of disasters/injuries
  5. whip
  6. 4[countable] a short whip used by horse riders a riding crop
  7. hair
  8. 5[countable] a very short hairstyle
  9. 6[singular] a crop of dark, fair, etc. hair/curls hair that is short and thick He had a thick crop of black curly hair.
  10. of bird
  11. 7(technology) a part of a bird's throat shaped like a bag where food is stored before it passes into the stomach
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: crop