Definition of dangling participle noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary

 

dangling participle

 noun
noun
 
(grammar)
 
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a participle that relates to a noun that is not mentioned “Dangling participles” are not considered correct. In the sentence “While walking home, my phone rang,” “walking” is a dangling participle. A correct form of the sentence would be “While I was walking home, my phone rang.”
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: dangling participle