American English

Definition of dare verb from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary



    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they dare
    he / she / it dares
    past simple dared
    -ing form daring
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  1. 1(not usually used in the progressive tenses) to be brave enough to do something She said it as loudly as she dared. dare (to) do something He didn't dare (to) say what he thought. They dare not ask for any more money. (literary) She dared not breathe a word of it to anybody. Dare to be different! There was something,dare I say it, a little unusual about him.
  2. 2[transitive] to persuade someone to do something dangerous, difficult, or embarrassing so that they can show that they are not afraid dare somebody Go on! Take it! I dare you. dare somebody to do something Some of the older boys had dared him to do it. Grammarmodal verbsThe modal verbs are can, could, may, might, must, ought to, shall, should, will, and would. Dare, need, have to, and used to also share some of the features of modal verbs.Modal verbs have only one form. They have no past or present participles and do not add -s to the 3rd person singular form:He can speak three languages. She will try and visit tomorrow.Modal verbs are followed by the infinitive of another verb without to. The exceptions are ought to and used to:You must find a job. You ought to stop smoking. I used to smoke, but I quit two years ago.Questions are formed without do/does in the present or did in the past:Can I invite Mary? Should I have invited Mary?Negative sentences are formed with not or the short form -n’t and do not use do/does or did:You shouldn't invite Mary. The error will not have affected our results.You will find more help with how to use modal verbs at the dictionary entries for each verb.
  3. GrammardareDare (sense 1) usually forms negatives and questions like an ordinary verb and is often followed by an infinitive with to. It is most common in the negative:I didn’t dare to ask. He won’t dare to break his promise. You told him? How did you dare? I hardly dared to hope that she’d remember me.In positive sentences, a phrase like not be afraid is often used instead:She wasn’t afraid (= she dared)to tell him the truth.It can also be used like a modal verb, especially in present tense negative forms, and is followed by an infinitive without to:I dare not tell her the truth.In spoken English, the forms of the ordinary verb are often used with an infinitive without to:Don’t you dare tell her what I said! I didn’t dare look at him.Idioms
    don't you dare! (informal)
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    used to tell someone strongly not to do something “I'll tell her about it.” “Don't you dare!” Don't you dare say anything to anybody.
    how dare you, etc.
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    used to show that you are angry about something that someone has done How dare you talk to me like that? How dare she imply that I was lying?
    I dare say (formal or old-fashioned)
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    used when you are saying that something is likely I dare say you know about it already.
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: dare

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