American English

Definition of examine verb from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary

      

    examine

     verb
    verb
    NAmE//ɪɡˈzæmən//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they examine
     
    he / she / it examines
     
    past simple examined
     
    -ing form examining
     
     
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  1. 1to consider or study an idea, a subject, etc. very carefully examine something These ideas will be examined in more detail in Chapter 10. examine how, what, etc… It is necessary to examine how the proposals can be carried out. Language Bankaboutsaying what a text is about The book is about homeless people in the cities. The report deals with the issue of homelessness in urban areas. The writer discusses the problems faced by homeless people. The article presents an overview of the issues surrounding homelessness. The novel explores the theme of friendship among homeless people. The first chapter examines the relationship between homelessness and drug addiction. The paper considers the question of why so many young people become homeless.
  2. 2to look at someone or something closely, to see if there is anything wrong or to find the cause of a problem examine somebody/something The doctor examined her but could find nothing wrong. examine something/somebody for something The goods were examined for damage on arrival. synonyms at check
  3. 3 examine somebody (in/on something) (formal) to give someone a test to see how much they know about a subject or what they can do The students will be examined in all subjects at the end of the year. You are only being examined on this semester's work.
  4. 4 examine somebody (law) to ask someone questions formally, especially in court see also cross-examine Thesaurusexamineconsider look at something analyze review study discussThese words all mean to think about, study, or describe someone or something carefully, especially in order to understand them, form an opinion of them, or make a decision about them.examine to think about, study, or describe an idea, subject, or piece of work very carefully:These ideas will be examined in more detail in Chapter 10.consider to think carefully about something, especially in order to make a decision:She carefully considered her options.look at something (somewhat informal) to consider, think about, or study something, especially in order to learn something useful or important:I'm going to look at the budget estimates on the weekend.analyze to examine the nature or structure of something, especially by separating it into its parts, in order to understand or explain it:The job involves gathering and analyzing data. He tried to analyze his feelings.review to examine something again, especially so that you can decide whether any changes need to be made:The government will review the situation later in the year.study to examine someone or something in order to understand them or it:We will study the report carefully before making a decision.examine or study?You examine something in order to understand it or to help other people understand it, for example by describing it in a book; you study something in order to understand it yourself.discuss to write or talk about something in detail, showing the different ideas and opinions about it:This topic will be discussed at greater length in the next chapter.Patterns to examine/consider/look at/analyze/review/study/discuss what/how/whether… to examine/consider/look at/analyze/review/study/discuss the situation/evidence/implications to examine/consider/look at/analyze/review/study/discuss something carefully/critically/systematically/briefly
  5. Thesauruscheckexamine inspect go over somethingThese words all mean to look closely to make sure that everything is correct, in good condition, or acceptable.check to look at something closely to make sure that everything is correct, in good condition, safe, or satisfactory:Check your work before handing it in.examine to look at someone or something closely to see if there is anything wrong or to find the cause of a problem:The goods were examined for damage.inspect to look at someone or something closely to make sure that everything is satisfactory; to officially visit a school, factory, etc. in order to check that rules are being followed and that standards are acceptable:Make sure you inspect the goods before signing for them. The state health board inspects all restaurants at least once a year.check, examine, or inspect?All these words can be used when you are looking for possible problems, but only check is used for mistakes:Examine/Inspect your work before handing it in.Only examine is used when looking for the cause of a problem:The doctor checked/inspected her but could find nothing wrong.Examine is used more often when talking about the activities of a professional person:The surveyor examined the walls for signs of termites.Inspect is used more often about an official:Public health officials were called in to inspect the nursing home.go over something to check something carefully for mistakes, damage, or anything dangerous:My boss goes over each report in detail.Patterns to check/examine/inspect/go over something for something to check/examine/inspect/go over something to see if/whether… to check/examine/inspect/go over something carefully/thoroughlyIdioms
    need (to have) your head examined (informal)
     
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    to be crazy
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: examine

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