American English

Definition of field noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary

      

    field

     noun
    noun
    NAmE//fild//
     
     
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    area of land
  1. 1 [countable] an area of land in the country used for growing crops or keeping animals in, usually surrounded by a fence, etc. People were working in the fields. a plowed field a field of wheat We camped in a field near the town. Topic CollocationsFarminggrowing food and raising animals plant trees/seeds/crops/vines/barley grow/produce corn/wheat/rice/fruit plow land/a field sow/harvest seeds/crops/fields spread manure/fertilizer on something cultivate/irrigate/water/contaminate crops/plants/fields/land damage/destroy/lose your crop ripen/pick fruit/berries/grapes press/dry/ferment grapes grind/thresh grain/corn/wheat raise/rear/keep chickens/poultry/cattle/pigs raise/breed/feed/graze livestock/cattle/sheep butcher/kill/slaughter livestock preserve/smoke/cure/salt meatmodern farming run a fish farm/an organic dairy farm engage in/be involved in intensive (pig/fish) farming use/apply (chemical/organic) fertilizer/insecticides/pesticides begin/do/conduct field trials of GM (= genetically modified) crops grow/develop GM crops/seeds/plants/foods fund/invest in genetic engineering/research improve/increase crop yields face/suffer from/alleviate food shortages label food that contains GMOs (= genetically modified organisms) eliminate/reduce farm subsidies oppose/be against factory farming/GM food promote/encourage/support organic/sustainable farming
  2. 2[countable] (usually in compounds) an area of land used for the purpose mentioned a landing field a medal for bravery in the field (of battle) see also airfield, battlefield, minefield
  3. 3[countable] (usually in compounds) a large area of land covered with the thing mentioned; an area from which the thing mentioned is obtained ice fields gas fields see also coalfield, goldfield, oil field, snowfield
  4. subject/activity
  5. 4 [countable] a particular subject or activity that someone works in or is interested in synonym area famous in the field of music I enjoy meeting people in other fields of law. All of them are experts in their chosen field. This discovery has opened up a whole new field of research. “How big was the bomb, if it did all that damage?” “I don't know. Not my field” (= that is not one of the subjects I know about).
  6. practical work
  7. 5[countable] (usually used as an adjective) the fact of people doing practical work or study, rather than working in a library or laboratory a field study/investigation field research/methods We then tested the questionnaire in field conditions. essential reading for those working in the field see also field trip, fieldwork
  8. in sports
  9. 6[countable] (usually in compounds) an area of land used for playing a sport on a football, soccer, etc. field a sports field Today they take the field (= go on to the field to play a game) against Notre Dame. Players are only retained if they keep their form on the field (= when they are playing a game). For Yankees fans, it was a night to remember both on and off the field (= the game was good and so were the celebrations afterwards).
  10. 7[singular] (in baseball) the team that is trying to catch the ball rather than hit it
  11. 8[singular] all the people or animals competing in a particular sports event The field includes three world-record holders.
  12. in business
  13. 9[singular] all the people or products competing in a particular area of business They lead the field in home entertainment systems.
  14. physics
  15. 10[countable] (usually in compounds) an area within which the force mentioned has an effect the earth's gravitational field an electro-magnetic field
  16. computing
  17. 11 [countable] part of a record that is a separate item of data You will need to create separate fields for first name, last name, and address.
  18. Idioms
    leave the field clear for somebody, leave somebody in possession of the field
     
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    to enable someone to be successful in a particular area of activity because other people or groups have given up competing with them The complete disarray of the administration's opponents leaves the field clear for the president to implement urgent reforms.
    play the field (informal)
     
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    to have romantic relationships with a lot of different people
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: field