American English

Definition of finance noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary



    , NAmE//fəˈnæns//
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  1. 1[uncountable] the activity of managing money, especially by a government or commercial organization the finance director/department/committee a specialization in banking and finance the world of high finance (= finance involving large companies or countries)
  2. 2finances [plural] the money available to a person, an organization, or a country; the way this money is managed government/public/personal finances It's about time you got your finances in order. Buying a house put a severe strain on our finances. The firm's finances are basically sound.
  3. Topic CollocationsFinanceincome earn money/cash/ (informal) a fortune make money/a fortune/ (informal) a killing in the stock market acquire/inherit/amass wealth/a fortune build up funds/savings/principal/equity receive/leave (somebody) an inheritance/a legacy live on a low wage/a fixed income/a pension get/receive/draw/collect a pension depend/be dependent on welfare/social security/food stampsexpenditure spend money/your savings/ (informal) a fortune on… invest/put your savings in../into… throw away/waste/ (informal) shell out money on… lose your money/inheritance/pension/retirement savings use up/ (informal) wipe out all your savings pay (in) cash pay by/use a credit/debit card pay by/use a/make out a/write somebody a/accept a check change/exchange money/currency/traveler's checks give/pay/leave (somebody) a depositbanks have/hold/open/close/freeze a bank account/an account credit/debit/deposit something into/take money out of your account deposit money/funds into your account withdraw money/cash/$50 from an ATM, etc. make a deposit/withdrawal find/go to/use an ATM be in debit/in the black/in good standing (= have money in the bank)/in the red/overdrawn (= owe money to the bank)personal finance manage/handle/plan/run/organize your finances plan out/manage/work out/stick to a budget offer/extend credit (to somebody) arrange for/take out a loan/overdraft protection pay back/repay money/a loan/a debt pay for something in installments make weekly/monthly paymentsfinancial difficulties get into debt/financial difficulties be short on/ (informal) be strapped for cash run out of/owe money face/get/ (informal) be slapped with a bill for $… can't afford the cost of…/payments/rent fall behind on the mortgage/payments/rent incur/run up/accumulate debts declare/file for bankruptcy tackle/reduce/settle your debts
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: finance

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