American English

Definition of go verb from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary



    Been is used as the past participle of go when someone has gone somewhere and come back.Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they go
    he / she / it goes
    past simple went
    past participle gone
    -ing form going
    jump to other results
  1. 1[intransitive] to move or travel from one place to another + adv./prep. She went into her room and shut the door behind her. He goes to work by bus. I have to go to Omaha on business. She has gone to China (= is now in China or is on her way there). She has been to China (= she went to China and has now returned). I think you should go to the doctor. Are you going home for Christmas? go to do something She went to see her sister this weekend. In spoken English go can be used with and plus another verb to show purpose or to tell someone what to do:I'll go and answer the door.Go and get me a drink!The and is sometimes left out:Go ask your mom!
  2. 2[intransitive] go (to something) (with somebody) to move or travel, especially with someone else, to a particular place or in order to be present at an event Are you going to Dave's party? Who else is going? His dog goes everywhere with him.
  3. 3[intransitive] to move or travel in a particular way or over a particular distance + adv./prep. He's going too fast. + noun We had gone about fifty miles when the car broke down.
  4. 4[intransitive] go flying, singing, etc. (+ adv./prep.) to move in a particular way or while doing something else The car went skidding off the road into a ditch. She went sobbing up the stairs. She crashed into a waiter and his tray of drinks went flying.
  5. leave
  6. 5[intransitive] to leave one place in order to reach another synonym depart I must be going now. It's time to go. Has she gone yet? He's been gone an hour (= he left an hour ago). When does the train go?
  7. 6[intransitive] go on something to leave a place and do something different to go on a tour/a trip/a cruise Richard has gone on vacation and won't be back for two weeks.
  8. visit/attend
  9. 7[intransitive] go to something to visit or attend a place for a particular purpose I have to go to the hospital for an operation. to go to prison (= to be sent there as punishment for a crime) Do you go to church (= regularly attend church services)?
  10. swimming/fishing/jogging, etc.
  11. 8[intransitive] go for something to leave a place or travel to a place in order to take part in an activity or a sport to go for a walk/drive/swim/run Let's go for a drink (= at a bar) after work. I have to go shopping this afternoon. We're going sailing on Saturday.
  12. be sent
  13. 9[intransitive] (+ adv./prep.) to be sent or passed somewhere I want this memo to go to all managers.
  14. lead
  15. 10[intransitive] go (from…) to… to lead or extend from one place to another I want a rope that will go from the top of the roof to the ground. Where does this road go?
  16. place/space
  17. 11[intransitive] + adv./prep. to have as a usual or correct position; to be placed This dictionary goes on the top shelf. Where do you want the piano to go (= be put)?
  18. 12[intransitive] will/would not go (in/into something) used to say that something does/did not fit into a particular place or space My clothes won't all go in that one suitcase. He tried to push his hand through the gap but it wouldn't go.
  19. numbers
  20. 13[intransitive] if a number will go into another number, it is contained in that number an exact number of times (+ adj.) How many times will 3 go into 12? 4 times. go into something 7 won't go into 15.
  21. progress
  22. 14[intransitive] + adv./prep. used to talk about how well or badly something makes progress or succeeds “How did your interview go?” “It went very well, thank you.” Did everything go smoothly? How's it going (= is your life enjoyable, successful, etc. at the moment)? The way things are going the company will be bankrupt by the end of the year.
  23. state/condition
  24. 15[intransitive] used in many expressions to show that someone or something has reached a particular state/is no longer in a particular state go to/into something She went to sleep. The boy went into a coma. go out of something That color has gone out of fashion.
  25. 16linking verb + adj. to become different in a particular way, especially a bad way to go bald/blind/crazy/bankrupt, etc. Her hair is going gray. The milk had gone sour. The children went wild with excitement. Which Word?become / get / go / turnThese verbs are used frequently with the following adjectives:
    become ~get ~go ~turn ~
    involvedused towrongblue
    Become is more formal than get. Both describe changes in people’s emotional or physical state, or natural or social changes. Go is usually used for negative changes. Turn is used for changes of color and changes in the weather.
  26. 17[intransitive] + adj. to live or move around in a particular state to go naked/barefoot She cannot bear the thought of children going hungry.
  27. 18[intransitive] go unnoticed, unreported, etc. to not be noticed, reported, etc. Police are worried that many crimes go unreported.
  28. song/story
  29. 19[intransitive, transitive] used to talk about what tune or words a song or poem has or what happens in a story + adv./prep. How does that song go? I forget how the next line goes. go that… The story goes that she's been married five times.
  30. sound/movement
  31. 20[intransitive] to make a particular sound or movement + noun The gun went “bang.” + adv./prep. She went like this with her hand.
  32. say
  33. 21[transitive] + speech (informal) (used when telling a story) to say I asked “How much?” and he goes, “Fifty” and I go, “Fifty? You must be joking!”
  34. start
  35. 22[intransitive] to start an activity I'll say “One, two, three, go!” as a signal for you to start. As soon as he gets here we're ready to go.
  36. machine
  37. 23[intransitive] if a machine goes, it works This fan doesn't go.
  38. disappear
  39. 24[intransitive] to stop existing; to be lost or stolen synonym disappear Has your headache gone yet?
  40. be thrown out
  41. 25[intransitive] somebody/something must/has to/can go used to talk about wanting to get rid of someone or something The old sofa will have to go. He's useless—he'll have to go.
  42. not work
  43. 26[intransitive] to get worse; to become damaged or stop working correctly Her sight is beginning to go. His mind is going (= he is losing his mental powers). I was driving home when my brakes went.
  44. die
  45. 27[intransitive] to die. People saygoto avoid sayingdie. You can't take your money with you when you go.
  46. money
  47. 28[intransitive] when money goes, it is spent or used for something I don't know where the money goes! go on something Most of her allowance goes on clothes. go to do something The money will go to finance a new community center.
  48. 29[intransitive] go (to somebody) (for something) to be sold We won't let the house go for less than $200 ,000. There was usually some bread going cheap (= being sold cheaply) at the end of the day.
  49. 30[intransitive] + adv./prep. to be willing to pay a particular amount of money for something He offered $5 ,000 for the car and I don't think he'll go any higher. I'll go to $1 ,000 but that's my limit.
  50. help
  51. 31[intransitive] go to do something to help; to play a part in doing something This all goes to prove my theory. It (= what has just happened)just goes to show you can't always tell how people are going to react.
  52. be available
  53. 32be going [intransitive] (informal) to be available There just aren't any jobs going in this area.
  54. time
  55. 33[intransitive] + adv./prep. used to talk about how quickly or slowly time seems to pass Hasn't the time gone quickly? Half an hour went past while we were sitting there.
  56. use toilet
  57. 34[intransitive] (informal) to use a toilet Do you need to go, Billy?
  58. Idioms
    anything goes (informal)
    jump to other results
    anything that someone says or does is accepted or allowed, however shocking or unusual it may be Almost anything goes these days.
    as people, things, etc. go
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    in comparison with the average person, thing, etc. As teachers go, he's not bad.
      be going to do something
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    1. 1used to show what someone intends to do in the future We're going to buy a house after we save enough money.
    2. 2used to show that something is likely to happen very soon or in the future I think I'm going to faint. If the drought continues there's going to be a famine.
    don't go doing something (informal)
    jump to other results
    used to tell or warn someone not to do something Don't go getting yourself into trouble.
    go all out for something, go all out to do something
    jump to other results
    to make a very great effort to get something or do something
    go and do something
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    used to show that you are angry or annoyed that someone has done something stupid Trust him to go and mess things up! Why did you have to go and upset your mother like that? You've really gone and done it (= done something very stupid) now!
    approaching a particular age or amount My nephew is three going on four so he has a lot of energy. I was going on sixteen when we met in school.
    go on (old-fashioned)
    jump to other results
    used to express the fact that you do not believe something, or that you disapprove of something Go on—you're not forty. You don't look a day over thirty.
    (have) a lot, nothing, etc. going for you
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    (to have) many/not many advantages You're young, intelligent, attractive—you have a lot going for you!
    a no go (informal)
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    not possible or allowed If the bank won't lend us the money it's a no go, I'm afraid.
    not (even) go there (informal)
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    used to say that you do not want to talk about something in any more detail because you do not even want to think about it Don't ask me to choose. I don't want to go there. “There was a problem with his parents, wasn't there?” “Don't even go there!”
    1. 1remaining; still left I only have one final exam to go.
    2. 2(informal) if you buy cooked food to go in a restaurant or store, you buy it to take away and eat somewhere else Two pizzas to go.
    what goes around comes around (saying)
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    the way someone behaves toward other people will affect the way those people behave toward them in the future
    where does somebody go from here?
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    used to ask what action someone should take, especially in order to improve the difficult situation that they are in
    who goes there?
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    used by a soldier who is guarding a place to order someone to say who they are Halt, who goes there?
    Phrasal Verbsgo about somethinggo about somethinggo after somebodygo after somebody/somethinggo against somebodygo against somebody/somethinggo against somethinggo aheadgo ahead (with something)go alonggo along with somebody/somethinggo aroundgo around (to…)go at somebodygo at somethinggo awaygo backgo back (to…)go back (to something)go back on somethinggo back to somethinggo beforego before somebody/somethinggo beyond somethinggo bygo by somethinggo downgo down (in something)go down (to somebody)go down (to…)go down (with somebody)go for somebodygo for somebody/somethinggo for somethinggo ingo in for somethinggo in on something (with somebody) (for somebody)go into somethinggo in with somebodygo offgo off (on somebody)go off with somebodygo off with somethinggo ongo on (ahead)go on somethinggo on (about somebody/something)go on (with something)go on doing somethinggo on to somethinggo on to do somethinggo outgo out (of something)go out (with somebody)go out of somebody/somethinggo out to somebodygo over somethinggo over (to…)go over (with somebody)go over to somebody/somethinggo over to somethinggo throughgo through somethinggo through with somethinggo to somebody/somethinggo togethergo toward somethinggo undergo upgo up (to…)go with somebodygo with somethinggo without (something)
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: go