- 1[transitive] grate something to rub food against a grater in order to cut it into small pieces grated apple/carrots/cheese, etc. Grate the cheese and sprinkle it over the tomatoes. Topic CollocationsCookingpreparing prepare a dish/a meal/a menu/dinner/the fish weigh out 4oz of sugar/the ingredients wash/rinse the lettuce/spinach chop/slice/dice the carrots/onions/potatoes peel the carrots/onion/potatoes/garlic/orange grate a carrot/the cheese/some nutmeg remove/discard the bones/seeds/skin/rind/peel blend/combine/mix (together) the flour and water/all the ingredients beat/whisk the cream/eggs/egg whites knead/shape/roll (out) the doughcooking heat the oil in a frying pan preheat/heat the oven/the broiler bring to a boil stir constantly/gently with a wooden spoon reduce the heat simmer gently for 20 minutes/until reduced by half melt the butter/chocolate/cheese dissolve the sugar in water brown the meat for 8-10 minutes drain the pasta/the water from the pot/in a colander/in a strainer mash the potatoes/banana/avocadoways of cooking cook food/fish/meat/rice/pasta/a Mexican dish bake (a loaf of) bread/a cake/a pie/potatoes/muffins/cookies/fish boil cabbage/potatoes/an egg/a hot dog/water fry/deep-fry/stir-fry the chicken/vegetables broil meat/steak/chicken/sausages roast potatoes/peppers/meat/chicken/beef sauté garlic/mushrooms/onions/potatoes/vegetables steam rice/vegetables/spinach/asparagus/dumplings toast bread/nuts microwave food/popcorn/a frozen dinner/a TV dinnerserving serve in a glass/on a bed of rice/with potatoes arrange the slices on a plate/in layers carve the meat/chicken/turkey dress/toss a salad dress with/drizzle with olive oil/vinaigrette top with a slice of lemon/a scoop of ice cream/whipped cream/syrup garnish with a sprig of parsley/fresh basil leaves/lemon wedges/a slice of lime/a twist of orange sprinkle with salt/sugar/herbs/parsley/freshly ground black pepper
- 2 [intransitive] grate (on somebody/something) to irritate or annoy someone Her voice really grates on me. He kept staring at her and it began to grate on her nerves.
- 3[intransitive, transitive] when two hard surfaces grate as they rub together, they make a sharp unpleasant sound; someone can also make one thing grate against another The rusty hinges grated as the gate swung back. grate something (+ adv./prep.) He grated his knife across the plate.
NAmE//ɡreɪt//Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they grate
he / she / it grates
past simple grated
-ing form grating