American English

Definition of have verb from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary



    , NAmE//əv//
    , NAmE//v//
    , NAmE//hæv//
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they have
    , strong form
    he / she / it has
    , strong form
    past simple had
    , strong form
    -ing form having
    jump to other results
  1. 1(In some senses have got is also used, although it is not as common as have.)
  2. own/hold
  3. 2(also have got) have something (not used in the progressive tenses) to own, hold, or possess something He had a new car and a boat. I don't have that much money on me. She's got a B.A. in English.
  4. consist of
  5. 3(also have got) have something (not used in the progressive tenses) be made up of In 2008 the party had 10,000 members.
  6. quality/feature
  7. 4(also have got) (not used in the progressive tenses) to show a quality or feature have something The ham had a smoky flavor. The house has central heating. They have a lot of courage. have something + adj. He has a front tooth missing.
  8. 5(also have got) have something to do something (not used in the progressive tenses) to show a particular quality by your actions Surely she didn't have the nerve to say that to him?
  9. relationship
  10. 6(also have got) have somebody/something (not used in the progressive tenses) used to show a particular relationship He has three children. Do you have a client named Peters?
  11. something available
  12. 7(also have got) have something (not used in the progressive tenses) to be able to make use of something because it is available Do you have time to call him? We have no choice in the matter.
  13. should/must
  14. 8(also have got) have something (not used in the progressive tenses) to be in a position where you ought to do something We have a duty to care for the refugees. Grammarmust / have (got) to / must not / don’t have tonecessity and obligationMust and have (got) to are used in the present to say that something is necessary or should be done.Have to is more common, especially in speech:You have to be home by 11 o’clock. I have to wash the car tomorrow. I have to collect the children from school at 3 o’clock.Must is stronger and more formal:All nurses must wear uniform. Changes must be recorded in the log book.There are no past or future forms of must. To talk about the past, you use had to and has had to:I had to wait half an hour for a bus. Will have to is used to talk about the future, or have to if an arrangement has already been made:We’ll have to borrow the money we need. I have to go to the dentist tomorrow.Questions with have to are formed using do:Do the children have to wear uniforms?In negative sentences, both must not and don’t have to are used, but with different meanings. Must not is used to tell someone not to do something:Employees must not smoke in the building.The short form mustn’t is rare and very formal:You mustn’t leave the gate open.Don’t have to is used when it is not necessary to do something:You don’t have to pay for the tickets in advance. She doesn’t have to work on weekends.certaintyBoth must and have (got) to are used to say that you are certain about something. Have to is the usual verb in this meaning:He has (got) to be the worst actor on TV!If you are talking about the past, use must have:Your trip must have been fun!
  15. 9(also have got) (not used in the progressive tenses) to be in a position of needing to do something have something I have a lot of homework tonight. have something to do I should go—I have a bus to catch.
  16. hold
  17. 10(also have got) (not used in the progressive tenses) have somebody/something + adv./prep. to hold someone or something in the way mentioned She had him by the collar. He had his head in his hands.
  18. put/keep in a position
  19. 11(also have got) have something + adv./prep. (not used in the progressive tenses) to place or keep something in a particular position Mary had her back to me. I soon had the fish in a net.
  20. feeling/thought
  21. 12(also have got) (not used in the progressive tenses) have something to let a feeling or thought come into your mind He had the strong impression that someone was watching him. We have a few ideas for the title. (informal) I've got it!We'll call it “Word Magic.”
  22. illness
  23. 13(also have got) have something (not used in the progressive tenses) to suffer from an illness or a disease I have a headache.
  24. experience
  25. 14have something to experience something I went to a few parties and had a good time. I was having difficulty in staying awake. She'll have an accident one day.
  26. event
  27. 15have something to organize or hold an event Let's have a party.
  28. eat/drink/smoke
  29. 16have something to eat, drink, or smoke something to have breakfast/lunch/dinner I'll have the salmon (= for example, in a restaurant). I had a cigarette while I was waiting.
  30. do something
  31. 17have something to perform a particular action I had a swim to cool down.
  32. give birth
  33. 18have somebody/something to give birth to someone or something She's going to have a baby.
  34. effect
  35. 19have something to produce a particular effect His paintings had a strong influence on me as a student. The color green has a restful effect.
  36. receive
  37. 20have something (not usually used in the progressive tenses) to receive something from someone Can I have the check, please?
  38. 21have something to be given something; to have something done to you I'm having physical therapy for my back problem. How many driving lessons have you had so far?
  39. 22(also have got) (not used in the progressive tenses) have something doing something to experience the effects of someone's actions We have orders coming in from all over the world.
  40. have something done
  41. 23(used with a past participle) have something done to suffer the effects of what someone else does to you She had her purse stolen.
  42. 24(used with a past participle) have something done to cause something to be done for you by someone else You've had your hair cut! We're having our car repaired.
  43. 25to tell or arrange for someone to do something for you have somebody do something He had the bouncers throw them out of the club. (informal) I'll have you know (= I'm telling you) I'm a black belt in judo. have somebody + adv./prep. She's always having the handyman here to do something or other.
  44. allow
  45. 26(used in negative sentences, especially after will not, cannot, etc.) to allow something; to accept something without complaining have something I'm sick of your rudeness—I won't have it any longer! have somebody/something doing something We can't have people arriving late all the time.
  46. put someone or something in a condition
  47. 27to cause someone or something to be in a particular state; to make someone react in a particular way have somebody/something + adj. I want to have everything ready in good time. have somebody/something doing something He had his audience listening attentively.
  48. in argument
  49. 28(also have got) have somebody (informal) (not used in the progressive tenses) to put someone at a disadvantage in an argument You've got me there. I hadn't thought of that.
  50. trick
  51. 29[usually passive] have somebody (informal) to trick or cheat someone I'm afraid you've been had.
  52. guests
  53. 30[no passive] have somebody/something to take care of someone or something in your home, especially for a limited period We're having the kids for the weekend.
  54. 31[no passive] have somebody + adv./prep. to entertain someone in your home We had some friends to dinner last night.
  55. be with
  56. 32(also have got) have somebody with you (not used in the progressive tenses) to be with someone She had some friends with her.
  57. for a job
  58. 33[no passive] have somebody as something to take or accept someone for a particular role Who can we have as treasurer?
  59. Idioms
      have had it (informal)
      jump to other results
    1. 1to be in a very bad condition; to be unable to be repaired The car had had it.
    2. 2to be extremely tired I've had it! I'm going to bed.
    3. 3to have lost all chance of surviving something When the truck smashed into me, I thought I'd had it.
    4. 4to be going to experience something unpleasant Dad saw you scratch the car—you've had it now!
    5. 5to be unable to accept a situation any longer I've had it (up to here) with him—he's done it once too often.
    have it (that…)
    jump to other results
    to claim that it is a fact that… Rumor has it that we'll have a new manager soon.
    have (got) it/that coming (to you)
    jump to other results
    to be likely to suffer the unpleasant effects of your actions and to deserve to do so It was no surprise when she left him—everyone knew he had it coming to him.
    have it in for somebody (informal)
    jump to other results
    to not like someone and be unpleasant to them
    have it in you (to do something) (informal)
    jump to other results
    to be capable of doing something Everyone thinks he has it in him to produce a literary classic. You were great. I didn't know you had it in you. You spoke really well at that meeting, standing up for us all. I never knew you had it in you.
    have (got) nothing on somebody/something (informal)
    jump to other results
    to be not nearly as good as someone or something see also have (got) something on somebody
    not having any of it (informal)
    jump to other results
    not willing to listen to or believe something I tried to persuade her to wait but she wasn't having any of it.
    what have you (informal)
    jump to other results
    other things, people, etc. of the same kind There's room in the basement to store old furniture and what have you.
    Phrasal Verbshave (got) something against somebody/somethinghave somebodybackhave something backhave (got) something onhave (got) something on somebodyhave something outhave something out (with somebody)
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: have