American English

Definition of hurt verb from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary

      

    hurt

     verb
    verb
    NAmE//hərt//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they hurt
     
    he / she / it hurts
     
    past simple hurt
     
    -ing form hurting
     
     
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  1. 1 [transitive, intransitive] hurt (somebody/something/yourself) to cause physical pain to someone/yourself; to injure someone/yourself He hurt his back playing football. Did you hurt yourself? Stop it. You're hurting me. My back is really hurting me today. Strong light hurts my eyes. My shoes hurt—they're too tight. Topic CollocationsInjuriesbeing injured have a fall/an injury receive/suffer/sustain a serious injury/a hairline fracture/a gunshot wound/a concussion/whiplash injuries hurt/injure your ankle/back/leg damage the brain/an ankle ligament/your liver/the optic nerve/the skin pull/strain/tear a hamstring/ligament/muscle/tendon sprain/twist your ankle/wrist break a bone/your collarbone/your leg/three ribs fracture/crack your skull break/chip/knock out/lose a tooth burst/perforate your eardrum dislocate your finger/hip/jaw/shoulder/elbow bruise/cut/graze your arm/knee/shoulder burn/scald yourself/your tongue bang/bump/hit your elbow/head/knee (on/against something)treating injuries treat somebody for burns/a head injury/a stab wound examine/clean/dress/bandage/treat a bullet wound repair a damaged/torn ligament/tendon/cartilage amputate/cut off an arm/a finger/a foot/a leg/a limb put on (formal) apply/take off a Band-Aid™/a sterile dressing/a bandage need/require/put in/get/take out stitches put on/rub on (formal) apply cream/ointment/lotion have/receive/undergo physical therapy Thesaurusinjurewound hurt bruise sprain pull strainThese words all mean to harm yourself or someone else physically, especially in an accident.injure to harm yourself or someone else physically, especially in an accident:He injured his knee playing hockey. Three people were injured in the crash.wound [often passive] (somewhat formal) to injure part of the body, especially by making a hole in the skin using a weapon:Two people were killed and dozens more wounded in the attack. Wound is often used to talk about people being hurt in war or in other attacks which affect a lot of people.hurt (somewhat informal) to cause physical pain to someone or yourself; to injure someone or yourself:Did you hurt yourself?injure or hurt?You can hurt or injure a part of the body in an accident. Hurt emphasizes the physical pain caused;injure emphasizes that the part of the body has been damaged in some way.bruise to make a blue, brown, or purple mark (= a bruise) appear on the skin after someone has fallen or been hit; to develop a bruisesprain to injure part of your body, especially your ankle, wrist, or knee, by suddenly bending it in an awkward way, causing pain and swellingpull to damage a muscle, etc., by using too much forcestrain to injure yourself or part of your body by making it work too hard:Don't strain your eyes by reading in poor light.Patterns to injure/hurt/strain yourself to injure/hurt/pull/strain a muscle to injure/hurt/sprain your ankle/knee/wrist to injure/hurt/strain your back/shoulder/eyes to injure/hurt your spine/neck to be badly/severely/slightly injured/wounded/hurt/bruised/sprained
  2. 2[intransitive] to feel painful My feet hurt. Ouch! That hurt! It hurts when I bend my knee.
  3. 3[intransitive, transitive] to make someone unhappy or upset What really hurt was that he never answered my letter. hurt somebody/something I'm sorry, I didn't mean to hurt you. I didn't want to hurt his feelings. it hurts (somebody) to do something It hurt me to think that he would lie to me.
  4. 4[intransitive] be hurting (informal) to feel unhappy or upset I know you're hurting and I want to help you.
  5. 5[transitive] hurt somebody/something to have a bad effect on someone or something Many people on low incomes will be hurt by the government's plans. Hard work never hurt anyone. Thesaurusdamagehurt harm impairThese words all mean to have a bad effect on someone or something.damage to cause physical harm to something, making it less attractive, useful, or valuable; to have a bad effect on someone or something's health, happiness, or chances of success:The fire badly damaged the town hall. emotionally damaged childrenhurt (somewhat informal) to have a bad effect on someone or something's life, health, happiness, or chances of success:Hard work never hurt anyone.harm to have a bad effect on someone or something's life, health, happiness, or chances of success:Pollution can harm marine life.damage, hurt, or harm?Hurt is slightly less formal than damage or harm, especially when it is used in negative statements:It won't hurt him to have to wait a bit. It won't damage/harm him to have to wait a bit.Harm is also often used to talk about ways in which things in the natural world, such as wildlife and the environment, are affected by human activity.impair (somewhat formal) to damage someone's health, abilities, or chances:Even one drink can impair driving performance.Patterns to damage/hurt/harm/impair somebody's chances to damage/hurt/harm somebody's interests/reputation to damage/harm/impair somebody's health to seriously/greatly damage/hurt/harm/impair somebody/something to badly/severely damage/hurt/impair somebody/something
  6. 6 [intransitive] be hurting (for something) to be in a difficult situation because you need something, especially money His campaign is already hurting for money.
  7. Idioms
    hit somebody where it hurts
     
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    to affect someone where they will feel it most
    it won't/wouldn'thurt (somebody/something) (to do something)
     
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    used to say that someone should do a particular thing It wouldn't hurt you to help with the housework occasionally.
    not hurt a fly
     
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    to be kind and gentle and unwilling to cause unhappiness
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: hurt

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