Definition of overtake verb from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary

     

    overtake

     verb
    verb
    NAmE//ˌoʊvərˈteɪk//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they overtake
     
    he / she / it overtakes
     
    past simple overtook
     
    past participle overtaken
     
    -ing form overtaking
     
     
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  1. 1 [transitive] overtake somebody/something to become greater in number, amount, or importance than something else synonym outstrip Nuclear energy may overtake oil as the main fuel. We must not let ourselves be overtaken by our competitors. Quinine has been overtaken by newer drugs.
  2. 2 [transitive, often passive] overtake somebody/something if something unpleasant overtakes a person, it unexpectedly starts to happen and to affect them The climbers were overtaken by bad weather. Sudden panic overtook her. Our original plan was overtaken by events (= the situation changed very rapidly) and we had to make a new one.
  3. 3 [transitive, intransitive] overtake (somebody/something) to go past a moving vehicle or person ahead of you because you are going faster than they are He pulled out to overtake a truck. It's dangerous to overtake on a curve.
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: overtake