American English

Definition of shine verb from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary



    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they shine
    he / she / it shines
    past simple shone
    -ing form shining
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  1. 1[intransitive] to produce or reflect light; to be bright The sun shone brightly in a cloudless sky. A light was shining in the distance. The dark polished wood shone like glass. (figurative) Her eyes were shining with excitement. Excitement was shining in her eyes.
  2. 2[transitive] shine something (+ adv./prep.) to aim or point the light of a lamp, etc. in a particular direction He shined the flashlight around the cellar. (figurative) Campaigners are shining a spotlight on the world's diminishing natural resources.
  3. 3[transitive] shine something to polish something; to make something smooth and bright He shined shoes and sold newspapers to make money.
  4. 4[intransitive] to be very good at something He failed to shine academically but he was very good at sports. She has set a shining example of loyal service over four decades. see also shiny
  5. Thesaurusshinegleam glow sparkle glisten shimmer glitter twinkle glintThese words all mean to produce or reflect light.shine to produce or reflect light, especially brightly:The sun was shining and the sky was blue.gleam to shine with a clear bright or pale light, especially a reflected light:The moonlight gleamed on the water.glow (often of something hot or warm) to produce a dull, steady light:The end of his cigarette glowed red.sparkle to shine brightly with small flashes of light:The diamonds sparkled in the light.glisten (of something wet) to shine:Her eyes were glistening with tears.shimmer to shine with a soft light that seems to shake slightly:The road seemed to shimmer in the heat.glitter to shine brightly with small flashes of reflected light:The ceiling of the cathedral glittered with gold.sparkle or glitter?There is very little difference in meaning between these two words. Glitter can sometimes suggest a lack of depth, but this is more frequent in the figurative use of glitter as a noun:the superficial glitter of show business. Sparkle is also often used to talk about light reflected off a surface, but things that produce light can also sparkle:The fireworks sparkled in the sky.twinkle to shine with a light that changes rapidly from bright to faint to bright again:Stars twinkled in the sky.glint to give small bright flashes of reflected light:The blade of the knife glinted in the darkness.Patterns to shine/gleam/sparkle/glisten/shimmer/glitter/glint on something to shine/gleam/glow/sparkle/glisten/shimmer/glitter/twinkle/glint with something to shine/gleam/sparkle/glisten/shimmer/glitter/glint in the sunlight/moonlight the stars shine/sparkle/glitter/twinkle somebody's eyes shine/gleam/glow/sparkle/glisten/glitter/twinkle/glint to shine/gleam/glow/glitter brightly to shine/gleam/glow/shimmer softlyIdioms
    a knight in shining armor (usually humorous)
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    a man who saves someone, especially a woman, from a dangerous situation
    make hay while the sun shines (saying)
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    to make good use of opportunities, good conditions, etc. while they last
    rise and shine (old-fashioned)
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    usually used to tell someone to get out of bed and be active
    Phrasal Verbsshine through (something)
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: shine