American English

Definition of stock noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary



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  1. 1[uncountable, countable] a supply of goods that is available for sale in a store We have a fast turnover of stock. That particular model is not currently in stock. I'm afraid we're temporarily out of stock. We don't carry a large stock of pine furniture. It is important to carry out regular stock checks. Topic CollocationsShoppinggoing shopping go/go out/be out shopping go to a store/the mall/a shopping center do the grocery shopping/a bit of window-shopping (informal) hit/hang out at the mall try on clothes/shoes (informal) indulge in some retail therapy go on a spending spree cut/cut back on/reduce your spending be/get caught shoplifting donate something to/take something to/find something in a thrift store buy/sell/find something at a garage sale/a yard sale/a flea market find/get/pick up a bargainat the store load/push/wheel a (grocery) cart stand in/wait in the checkout line stand in line at the checkout/the register bag (your) groceries stock/restock the shelves at a store (with something) be (found) on/appear on supermarket/store shelves be in/have in/be out of/run out of stock deal with/help/serve customers run a special promotion be on sale/clearancebuying goods make/complete a purchase order/buy/purchase something online/by mail order place/take an order for something buy/order something in bulk/in advance accept/take credit cards pay (in) cash/by (credit/debit) card/with a gift certificate/by check enter your PIN (= personal identification number) ask for/get/obtain a receipt return/exchange an item/a product be entitled to/ask for/demand a refund compare prices offer (somebody)/give (somebody)/get/receive a 30% discount clip/save/use/print coupons
  2. 2[countable, uncountable] stock (of something) a supply of something that is available for use She's built up a good stock of teaching materials over the years. Food stocks are running low. a country's housing stock (= all the houses available for living in)
  3. finance
  4. 3[uncountable] the value of the shares in a company that have been sold
  5. 4[countable, usually plural] a share that someone has bought in a company or business stock prices to invest in stocks and bonds
  6. food
  7. 5[uncountable, countable] a liquid made by cooking bones, meat, etc. in water, used for making soups and sauces vegetable stock
  8. farm animals
  9. 6[uncountable] farm animals, such as cows and sheep, that are kept for their meat, wool, etc. breeding stock see also livestock
  10. family/ancestors
  11. 7[uncountable] of farming, noble, French, etc. stock having the type of family or ancestor mentioned synonym descent
  12. for punishment
  13. 8stocks [plural] a wooden structure with holes for the feet, used in the past to lock criminals in as a form of punishment, especially in a public place compare pillory
  14. respect
  15. 9[uncountable] (formal) the degree to which someone is respected or liked by other people Their stock is high/low.
  16. of gun
  17. 10[countable] the part of a gun that you hold against your shoulder when firing it
  18. plant
  19. 11[uncountable, countable] a garden plant with brightly colored flowers with a sweet smell
  20. theater
  21. 12[countable] = stock company see also laughing stock, rolling stock
  22. Idioms
    lock, stock, and barrel
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    including everything He sold the business lock, stock, and barrel.
    put stock in something
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    to have a particular amount of belief in something She no longer puts much stock in their claims.
    take stock (of something)
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    to stop and think carefully about the way in which a particular situation is developing in order to decide what to do next It was time to stand back and take stock of his career.
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: stock