Definition of unemployment noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary

      

    unemployment

     noun
    noun
    NAmE//ˌʌnɪmˈplɔɪmənt//
     
    [uncountable]
     
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  1. 1 the fact of a number of people not having a job; the number of people without a job an area of high/low unemployment rising/falling unemployment It was a time of mass unemployment. measures to help reduce/tackle unemployment the level/rate of unemployment unemployment benefits/statistics a rise in both inflation and unemployment Topic CollocationsThe Economymanaging the economy handle/run/manage the economy boost investment/spending/employment/growth stimulate demand/the economy/industry cut/reduce investment/spending/borrowing reduce/curb/control/keep down inflation create/fuel growth/demand/a boom/a bubble encourage/foster/promote/stimulate/stifle innovation/competition encourage/work with/compete with the private sector increase/boost/promote U.S./agricultural exports ban/restrict/block cheap/foreign imports the economy grows/expands/shrinks/contracts/slows (down)/recovers/improves/is booming enjoy an economic/housing/property boomeconomic problems push up/drive up prices/costs/inflation damage/hurt/destroy industry/the economy cause/lead to/go into/avoid/escape recession experience/suffer a recession/downturn fight/combat inflation/deflation/unemployment cause/create inflation/poverty/unemployment create/burst a housing/stock market bubble cause/trigger a stock market crash/the collapse of the banking system face/be plunged into a financial/an economic crisis be caught in/experience cycles of boom and bustpublic finance cut/reduce/slash/increase/double the defense/education budget increase/boost/slash/cut public spending increase/raise/cut/lower/reduce taxes raise/cut/lower/reduce interest rates ease/loosen/tighten monetary policy balance the (state/federal) budget achieve/maintain a balanced budget run a ($4 trillion) budget deficit/surplus ⇨ more collocations at politics, voting
  2. 2the state of not having a job Thousands of young people are facing long-term unemployment. a study of male/female unemployment compare employment
  3. 3 = unemployment benefits Since losing his job, Mike has been collecting unemployment.
  4. Topic CollocationsUnemploymentlosing your job lose/quit/leave your job get/be fired/ (informal) laid off/ (formal) terminated/asked to resign (for doing something) be offered/take early retirement face/be threatened with dismissal dismiss/fire an employee/a worker/a manager lay off staff/workers/employees cut/reduce/downsize the workforcebeing unemployed be unemployed/out of work/out of a job look for/seek work/employment be on/collect/draw/get/receive unemployment (benefits) claim/draw/get/be on/qualify for unemployment (compensation) be/go/live/depend on welfare collect/receive/apply for/qualify for welfare combat/tackle/cut/reduce unemployment
See the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary entry: unemployment