- 1 [often passive] affect somebody/something to produce a change in somebody/something How will these changes affect us? Your opinion will not affect my decision. The south of the country was worst affected by the drought. Which Word?affect / effect affect verb = ‘to have an influence on somebody/something’:Does television affect children’s behaviour? It is not a noun. effect noun = ‘result, influence’:Does television have an effect on children’s behaviour? effect verb is quite rare and formal and means ‘to achieve or produce’:They hope to effect a reconciliation.
- 2 [often passive] affect somebody/something (of a disease) to attack somebody or a part of the body; to make somebody become ill/sick The condition affects one in five women. Rub the cream into the affected areas.
- 3affect somebody [often passive] to make somebody have strong feelings of sadness, pity, etc. They were deeply affected by the news of her death. Try not to let his problems affect you too much.
- 4affect (to do) something (formal) to pretend to be feeling or thinking something She affected a calmness she did not feel.
- 5affect something (formal, disapproving) to use or wear something that is intended to impress other people synonym put on I wish he wouldn't affect that ridiculous accent. Word Origin senses 1 to 3 late Middle English (in the sense ‘attack as a disease’): from French affecter or Latin affect-
verbjump to other results
BrE BrE//əˈfekt//; NAmE NAmE//əˈfekt//Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they affect
BrE BrE//əˈfekt//; NAmE NAmE//əˈfekt//he / she / it affects
BrE BrE//əˈfekts//; NAmE NAmE//əˈfekts//past simple affected
BrE BrE//əˈfektɪd//; NAmE NAmE//əˈfektɪd//past participle affected
BrE BrE//əˈfektɪd//; NAmE NAmE//əˈfektɪd//-ing form affecting
BrE BrE//əˈfektɪŋ//; NAmE NAmE//əˈfektɪŋ//