Definition of afflict verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

afflict

 verb
verb
BrE BrE//əˈflɪkt//
 
; NAmE NAmE//əˈflɪkt//
 
[often passive](formal)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they afflict
BrE BrE//əˈflɪkt//
 
; NAmE NAmE//əˈflɪkt//
 
he / she / it afflicts
BrE BrE//əˈflɪkts//
 
; NAmE NAmE//əˈflɪkts//
 
past simple afflicted
BrE BrE//əˈflɪktɪd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//əˈflɪktɪd//
 
past participle afflicted
BrE BrE//əˈflɪktɪd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//əˈflɪktɪd//
 
-ing form afflicting
BrE BrE//əˈflɪktɪŋ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//əˈflɪktɪŋ//
 
 
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to affect somebody/something in an unpleasant or harmful way afflict somebody/something Aid will be sent to the afflicted areas. Severe drought has afflicted the region. the many problems that afflict the unemployed be afflicted with something About 40% of the country's population is afflicted with the disease. He’s badly afflicted with a skin disorder. Word Origin late Middle English (in the sense ‘deject, humiliate’): from Latin afflictare ‘knock about, harass’, or from afflict- ‘knocked down, weakened’: both from the verb affligere, from ad- ‘to’ + fligere ‘to strike, dash’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: afflict