Definition of aid noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

        

    aid

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//eɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//eɪd//
     
    Natural disasters
     
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  1. 1  [uncountable] money, food, etc. that is sent to help countries in difficult situations economic/humanitarian/emergency aid An extra £10 million in foreign aid has been promised. aid agencies (= organizations that provide help) medical aid programmes CollocationsInternational relationsTrade facilitate/​regulate trade (with other countries) form/​join a trading bloc live in/​compete in a global/​the world economy support/​promote free trade adopt/​call for/​oppose protectionist measures erect/​impose/​reduce/​remove trade barriers impose/​lift/​raise/​eliminate import tariffs (on something) have/​run a huge/​large/​growing trade surplus/​deficit embrace/​resist/​drive globalizationPolitics and law conduct/​handle/​talk about/​discuss foreign policy pursue an aggressive/​a hawkish foreign policy require/​use/​conduct diplomacy establish/​break off/​sever/​restore diplomatic relations foster/​promote/​strengthen regional cooperation facilitate/​achieve economic/​political integration exercise/​defend/​protect/​transfer/​restore/​regain national/​state/​full/​limited sovereignty consolidate/​extend/​lose/​retain your power (in the region) hold/​maintain/​change/​alter/​shift/​be a shift in the balance of power (in the region) cause/​create/​open/​expose/​heal/​repair a deep/​growing/​major/​serious rift between X and YMeetings and agreements have/​hold/​host/​attend an international conference/​an economic forum/​a G20 summit launch a new round of global/​multilateral/​world trade negotiations send/​head/​lead/​meet a high-level/​an official/​a trade delegation begin/​start/​continue/​resume peace talks be committed to/​be opposed to/​disrupt/​undermine/​derail/​sabotage the peace process negotiate/​achieve a lasting political settlement broker/​sign a peace deal/​agreement/​treatyConflict be/​constitute/​pose a threat to global security compromise/​endanger/​protect national security justify/​be in favour of/ (especially US English) be in favor of/​be against military intervention threaten/​authorize/​launch/​take/​support/​oppose unilateral/​pre-emptive military action impose/​enforce/​lift/​end economic sanctions/​an arms embargo/​a naval blockade close/​protect/​secure/​patrol the border lead/​be involved in a peacekeeping operationAid negotiate/​announce a $15 billion aid package/​an economic stimulus package send/​provide/​request/​cut off military aid bring/​provide emergency/​humanitarian relief deliver/​distribute medical supplies/(British English) food parcels fund/​run a foreign/​a local/​an international NGO reduce/​eradicate child/​global/​world poverty see also financial aid, legal aid CultureaidMost aid (= money, food and equipment) is given to the world's poorest countries to help reduce poverty. Projects paid for by aid money are often aimed at improving local housing and water supply, agriculture, health and education. Training local people is a central part of many programmes. A lot of aid money comes from governments, but development projects are often run with the help of non-governmental organizations (NGOs), such as charities. Some charities, e.g. Oxfam, the Red Cross and the Save the Children Fund, run their own aid programmes with money given by the general public. Additional emergency aid is given after natural disasters.The British government gives aid each year to developing countries. The distribution of aid is organized by the Department for International Development. Some aid is given direct to individual countries; the rest is distributed through international organizations such as the European Union, the United Nations and the World Bank. Britain, together with other countries, is helping to reduce the debts of poorer countries and may under certain circumstances cancel debts.The US began giving foreign aid during the Second World War, when the Lend-Lease Act made it possible to give military equipment to foreign countries. After the war the US created the Marshall Plan, a $15 billion programme to help European countries rebuild their economies. The US has continued to spend large amounts of money on foreign aid, but has been criticized for the way it decides who to help. In general, money goes to poor countries that are important to the US for commercial or military reasons. Formerly, the US gave money to countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America so that they would not accept money from the Soviet Union. USAID distributes US foreign aid.Two organizations are particularly concerned with training local people. In Britain Voluntary Service Overseas arranges for skilled people to work abroad for a few years so that they can pass on their skills. They are paid at local rates by the government of the country they are working in. The Peace Corps, a US government agency, does similar work but it pays the living expenses of the volunteers and gives them a small amount of money each month. See related entries: Natural disasters
  2. 2  [uncountable] help that you need to perform a particular task He was breathing only with the aid of a ventilator. This job would be impossible without the aid of a computer.
  3. 3[uncountable] (formal) help that is given to a person One of the staff saw he was in difficulty and came to his aid (= helped him). see also first aid
  4. 4[countable] an object, a machine, etc. that you use to help you do something a hearing aid Photos make useful teaching aids.
  5. Word Origin late Middle English: from Old French aide (noun), aidier (verb), based on Latin adjuvare, from ad- ‘towards’ + juvare ‘to help’.Extra examples Legal aid is a fundamental part of our system of justice. She is now able to get around with the aid of a walking stick. She screamed loudly and two people came to her aid. The British government has now suspended humanitarian aid to the area. The country relies on foreign aid. The country’s president has appealed for international aid in the wake of the disaster. We enlisted the aid of John and his family. We were collecting money in aid of charity. a $14 million aid package Emergency aid arrived too late for many. Much of the funding has come from international aid agencies. Photographs make useful teaching aids. She was breathing only with the aid of a ventilator. The job would be impossible without the aid of a computer. Two other swimmers came to his aid. You may need a hearing aid. a classroom/​teaching/​visual aidIdioms
    in aid of something/somebody
     
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     (British English) in order to help somebody/something collecting money in aid of charity
    (British English) used to ask why something is happening What's all this crying in aid of?
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: aid