Definition of alcohol noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ˈælkəhɒl//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈælkəhɔːl//
    , NAmE//ˈælkəhɑːl//
    [uncountable] Addiction
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  1. 1  drinks such as beer, wine, etc. that can make people drunk He never drinks alcohol. alcohol abuse CollocationsDiet and exerciseWeight put on/​gain/​lose weight/​a few kilos/​a few pounds watch/​control/​struggle with your weight be/​become seriously overweight/​underweight be/​become clinically/​morbidly obese achieve/​facilitate/​promote/​stimulate weight loss slim down to 70 kilos/(British English) 11 stone/(especially North American English) 160 pounds combat/​prevent/​tackle/​treat obesity develop/​have/​suffer from/​struggle with/​recover from anorexia/​bulimia/​an eating disorder be on/​go on/​follow a crash/​strict diet have/​suffer from a negative/​poor body image have/​develop a positive/​healthy body imageHealthy eating eat a balanced diet/​healthily/​sensibly get/​provide/​receive adequate/​proper nutrition contain/​get/​provide essential nutrients/​vitamins/​minerals be high/​low in calories/​fat/​fibre/(especially US English) fiber/​protein/​vitamin D/​Omega-3 fatty acids contain (no)/use/​be full of/​be free from additives/​chemical preservatives/​artificial sweeteners avoid/​cut down on/​cut out alcohol/​caffeine/​fatty foods stop/​give up/ (especially North American English) quit smokingExercise (British English) take regular exercise do moderate/​strenuous/​vigorous exercise play football/​hockey/​tennis go cycling/​jogging/​running go to/​visit/ (especially North American English) hit/​work out at the gym strengthen/​tone/​train your stomach muscles contract/​relax/​stretch/​use/​work your lower-body muscles build (up)/gain muscle improve/​increase your stamina/​energy levels/​physical fitness burn/​consume/​expend caloriesStaying healthy be/​get/​keep/​stay healthy/​in shape/(especially British English) fit lower your cholesterol/​blood pressure boost/​stimulate/​strengthen your immune system prevent/​reduce the risk of heart disease/​high blood pressure/​diabetes/​osteoporosis reduce/​relieve/​manage/​combat stress enhance/​promote relaxation/​physical and mental well-being Culturelicensing lawsThe sale of alcohol in Britain is controlled by licensing laws. These restrict where, when and by whom alcohol may be sold. The Licensing Act of 2003 made changes to the law. In order to open a pub or wine bar the owner must obtain the approval of the local authority, which must be satisfied that he or she is a suitable person to sell alcohol. If the application is approved the owner obtains a licence to sell alcohol and becomes the licensee. The name of the licensee is displayed above the front door. The 2003 Act removed many of the previous restrictions on opening hours. Worries about the effects of these changes, when drunkenness is already a serious problem in British towns and cities, delayed the introduction of the new law until 2005.Many pubs are licensed to sell alcohol for drinking on or off the premises (= in the pub or somewhere else). However, most people buy alcohol for drinking at home in a supermarket or an off-licence (= a shop that sells mainly alcohol). Shops and supermarkets have to get a licence, called an off-licence, before they can sell alcohol. Nobody under 18 is allowed to buy alcohol, either in a pub or in a shop.Pubs are only allowed to sell alcohol during official opening hours. Until all the changes in the new law came into effect, pubs were allowed to remain open all day from 11 a.m. to 11 p.m., though many closed in the afternoon, but if they wished to stay open after 11 p.m. they had to obtain a special late licence. Now pubs can stay open as long as they like on any day, if they have the appropriate licence. Most pubs open for a shorter time on Sundays.In the US there are local laws about when and where alcohol can be sold. Some towns are dry, i.e. no alcohol can be sold there at all. In general, restaurants and bars need a licence to sell beer and wine. In some states alcohol for drinking at home is sold only in special liquor stores; in other places it is sold in any food shop. There are fewer restrictions on when alcohol can be sold than there are in Britain, and bars can stay open very late. The most common restriction is that alcohol may not be sold early on Sunday mornings.The US has strict laws to try to keep young people from coming into contact with alcohol. The drinking age (= the age at which a person can buy alcohol) is 21, and bars and liquor stores often ask customers for proof of age. In many places, people below 21 cannot work in, or even enter, bars or restaurants that serve alcohol. College students, especially, try to drink in bars by pretending to be older than they are. Young people who work in food shops may have to ask an older employee to serve a customer who wants to buy a bottle of wine. This is also the case in Britain. See related entries: Addiction
  2. 2  the clear liquid that is found in drinks such as beer, wine, etc. and is used in medicines, cleaning products, etc. Wine contains about 10% alcohol. The food and drink industry has responded to the demand for low- and no-alcohol drinks. levels of alcohol in the blood He pleaded guilty to driving with excess alcohol. low-alcohol beer alcohol-free beer See related entries: Addiction
  3. see also absolute alcohol
    Word Origin mid 16th cent.: French (earlier form of alcool), or from medieval Latin, from Arabic al-kuḥl ‘the kohl’. In early use the term referred to powders, specifically kohl, and especially those obtained by sublimation, when a solid turns directly into a vapour upon heating; later ‘a distilled spirit’ (mid 17th cent.).Extra examples I haven’t touched a drop of alcohol for three weeks. Is it possible for cars to run on pure alcohol? It can take a long time for blood alcohol levels to fall. Most drinkers do not abuse alcohol at all. People can find it hard to admit they have an alcohol problem. The driver had more than the permitted level of alcohol in his blood. You need to be careful how many units of alcohol you drink in a week. a low alcohol beer the dangers of excessive alcohol A drop of alcohol won’t do you any harm. He never touches alcohol. The level of alcohol in his blood was over the legal limit. What is the drinks industry doing to combat alcohol abuse?
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: alcohol