used to describe a situation that is very strange, in which things happen that do not make any sense and are the opposite of what you would expect The country's economic system is pure Alice in Wonderland. Culture Alice in Wonderland was published in 1865. Its full title is Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. Alice, a young girl, dreams that she follows a white rabbit down its hole and has a series of adventures with imaginary creatures. Some of the characters, such as the Mad Hatter and the Cheshire Cat, are referred to in informal English expressions. There was a second book about Alice, Through the Looking Glass.