Definition of analogy noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    analogy

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//əˈnælədʒi//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//əˈnælədʒi//
     
    (pl. analogies) Linguistic devices
     
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  1. 1[countable] a comparison of one thing with another thing that has similar features; a feature that is similar analogy (between A and B) The teacher drew an analogy between the human heart and a pump. analogy (with something) There are no analogies with any previous legal cases. See related entries: Linguistic devices
  2. 2[uncountable] the process of comparing one thing with another thing that has similar features in order to explain it learning by analogy See related entries: Linguistic devices
  3. Word Origin late Middle English (in the sense ‘appropriateness, correspondence’): from French analogie, Latin analogia ‘proportion’, from Greek, from analogos ‘proportionate’.Extra examples Argument from analogy is not always valid. She drew an analogy between running the economy and a housewife’s weekly budget. She suggested an analogy between the human heart and a pump. The Wild West analogy does not fit here. The computer is a useful analogy for the brain. There is an analogy here with the way an engine works. We can understand this theory by analogy with human beings. They promote learning by analogy.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: analogy