English

Definition of analyse verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

        

    analyse

     verb
    (British English) (North American English analyze) verb
    BrE BrE//ˈænəlaɪz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈænəlaɪz//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they analyse
    BrE BrE//ˈænəlaɪz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈænəlaɪz//
     
    he / she / it analyses
    BrE BrE//ˈænəlaɪzɪz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈænəlaɪzɪz//
     
    past simple analysed
    BrE BrE//ˈænəlaɪzd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈænəlaɪzd//
     
    past participle analysed
    BrE BrE//ˈænəlaɪzd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈænəlaɪzd//
     
    -ing form analysing
    BrE BrE//ˈænəlaɪzɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈænəlaɪzɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1  to examine the nature or structure of something, especially by separating it into its parts, in order to understand or explain it analyse something The job involves gathering and analysing data. He tried to analyse his feelings. The first step is to define and analyse the problem. The results must be analysed in detail. analyse what, how, etc… We need to analyse what went wrong. Synonymsexamineanalyse review study discussThese words all mean to think about, study or describe somebody/​something carefully, especially in order to understand them, form an opinion of them or make a decision about them.examine to think about, study or describe an idea, subject or piece of work very carefully:These ideas will be examined in more detail in Chapter 10.analyse/​analyze to examine the nature or structure of something, especially by separating it into its parts, in order to understand or explain it:The job involves gathering and analysing data. He tried to analyse his feelings.review to examine something again, especially so that you can decide if it is necessary to make changes:The government will review the situation later in the year.study to examine somebody/​something in order to understand them or it:We will study the report carefully before making a decision.examine or study?You examine something in order to understand it or to help other people understand it, for example by describing it in a book; you study something in order to understand it yourself.discuss to write or talk about something in detail, showing the different ideas and opinions about it:This topic will be discussed at greater length in the next chapter.Patterns to examine/​analyse/​review/​study/​discuss what/​how/​whether… to examine/​analyse/​review/​study/​discuss the situation/​evidence to examine/​analyse/​review/​study/​discuss something carefully/​critically/​systematically/​briefly
  2. 2analyse somebody = psychoanalyse
  3. Word Origin late 16th cent.: influenced by French analyser, from medieval Latin analysis from Greek analusis, from analuein ‘unloose’, from ana- ‘up’ + luein ‘loosen’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: analyse

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