English

Definition of apartheid noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

apartheid

 noun
noun
BrE BrE//əˈpɑːtaɪt//
 
; NAmE NAmE//əˈpɑːrtaɪt//
 
; BrE BrE//əˈpɑːteɪt//
 
; NAmE NAmE//əˈpɑːrteɪt//
 
[uncountable] Race
 
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the former political system in South Africa in which only white people had full political rights and other people, especially black people, were forced to live away from white people, go to separate schools, etc. the pressures of life under apartheid See related entries: Race Word Origin 1940s: from Afrikaans, literally ‘separateness’, from Dutch apart ‘separate’ + -heid (equivalent of -hood).Extra examples Nelson Mandela spent many years fighting against apartheid. Under apartheid the black population did not have the right to vote. the struggle against apartheid He was jailed for advocating the violent overthrow of the apartheid system. It was a system of educational apartheid in which children were divided, at the age of eleven, into ‘achievers’ and ‘non-achievers’. Many countries boycotted South Africa in a bid to end apartheid. Under apartheid, white people were not allowed to marry non-white people.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: apartheid