English

Definition of association noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    association

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//əˌsəʊʃiˈeɪʃn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//əˌsoʊʃiˈeɪʃn//
     
    ; BrE BrE//əˌsəʊsiˈeɪʃn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//əˌsoʊsiˈeɪʃn//
     
     
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  1. 1  [countable + singular or plural verb] (abbreviation Assoc.) an official group of people who have joined together for a particular purpose synonym organization Do you belong to any professional or trade associations? the Football Association a residents’ association see also housing association
  2. 2  [countable, uncountable] association (with somebody/something) a connection or relationship between people or organizations his alleged association with terrorist groups They have maintained a close association with a college in the US. The book was published in association with (= together with) English Heritage. She became famous through her association with the group of poets.
  3. 3  [countable, usually plural] an idea or a memory that is suggested by somebody/something; a mental connection between ideas The seaside had all sorts of pleasant associations with childhood holidays for me. The cat soon made the association between human beings and food. Incense always had associations with religion for him.
  4. 4  [countable] a connection between things where one is caused by the other a proven association between passive smoking and cancer
  5. Word Origin mid 16th cent. (in the sense ‘uniting in a common purpose’): from medieval Latin associatio(n-), from Latin associare ‘to unite, ally’, from ad- ‘to’ + socius ‘sharing, allied’.Extra examples Dogs learn mainly by association. He was considered tainted by association with the corrupt regime. His association with such criminals can only destroy him. It was to be a free association of equal partners. One of the most important political freedoms is freedom of association. The association meets four times a year. The book was published in association with British Heritage. The city has had a long association with the mining industry. The dog forms an association between the action and the reward. The research showed an association between diet and various diseases. The smell of fresh bread triggers all kinds of associations for me. Tourists visit the city for its historical associations. We are working in association with several NGOs. You want the child to form an association between good behaviour and rewards. a clear association between good health and regular exercise a close association between the two nations a loose association of sovereign states a professional association for music teachers the technique of free association in which the patient is encouraged to say the first thing that comes to mind the traditional association of the Democrats with minority interests He was questioned about his alleged association with terrorist groups. Is there a proven association between passive smoking and cancer? Local councils have begun to work closely with housing associations. The Football Association has launched an investigation into the incident. The colour white was used due to its association with innocence and purity. The seaside had all sorts of pleasant associations with my childhood. There are notes on the literary and cultural associations of certain words. They held a number of events to raise money for the local community association. This report has been issued by the Association of Medical Research Charities. You should talk to your trade union or staff association.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: association