English

Definition of astonish verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

astonish

 verb
verb
BrE BrE//əˈstɒnɪʃ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//əˈstɑːnɪʃ//
 
Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they astonish
BrE BrE//əˈstɒnɪʃ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//əˈstɑːnɪʃ//
 
he / she / it astonishes
BrE BrE//əˈstɒnɪʃɪz//
 
; NAmE NAmE//əˈstɑːnɪʃɪz//
 
past simple astonished
BrE BrE//əˈstɒnɪʃt//
 
; NAmE NAmE//əˈstɑːnɪʃt//
 
past participle astonished
BrE BrE//əˈstɒnɪʃt//
 
; NAmE NAmE//əˈstɑːnɪʃt//
 
-ing form astonishing
BrE BrE//əˈstɒnɪʃɪŋ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//əˈstɑːnɪʃɪŋ//
 
Surprise
 
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to surprise somebody very much synonym amaze Synonymssurprisestartle amaze stun astonish take somebody aback astoundThese words all mean to make somebody feel surprised.surprise to give somebody the feeling that you get when something happens that you do not expect or do not understand, or something that you do expect does not happen; to make somebody feel surprised:The outcome didn’t surprise me at all.startle to surprise somebody suddenly in a way that slightly shocks or frightens them:Sorry, I didn’t mean to startle you. The explosion startled the horse.amaze to surprise somebody very much:Just the huge size of the place amazed her.stun (rather informal) (often in newspapers) to surprise or shock somebody so much that they cannot think clearly or speakastonish to surprise somebody very much:The news astonished everyone.amaze or astonish?These two words have the same meaning and in most cases you can use either. If you are talking about something that both surprises you and makes you feel ashamed, use astonish:He was astonished by his own stupidity.take somebody aback [usually passive] (especially of something negative) to surprise or shock somebody:We were rather taken aback by her hostile reaction.astound to surprise or shock somebody very much:His arrogance astounded her.Patterns It surprises somebody/​startles somebody/​amazes somebody/​stuns somebody/​astonishes somebody/​takes somebody aback/​astounds somebody to surprise/​startle/​amaze/​stun/​astonish/​astound somebody that… to surprise/​amaze somebody what/​how… to surprise/​startle/​amaze/​stun/​astonish/​astound somebody to know/​find/​learn/​see/​hear… to be surprised/​startled/​stunned into (doing) something astonish somebody The news astonished everyone. She astonished us by saying she was leaving. You astonish me! it astonishes somebody (that)… It astonishes me (that) he could be so thoughtless. See related entries: Surprise Word Origin early 16th cent. (as astonished, in the sense ‘stunned, bewildered, dismayed’): from obsolete astone ‘stun, stupefy’, from Old French estoner, based on Latin ex- ‘out’ + tonare ‘to thunder’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: astonish