Definition of balaclava noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

balaclava

 noun
noun
BrE BrE//ˌbæləˈklɑːvə//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˌbæləˈklɑːvə//
 
(also balaclava helmet)(especially British English)
 
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a type of hat made of wool that covers most of the head, neck and face The two attackers were wearing balaclavas. Word Origin late 19th cent. (worn originally by soldiers on active service in the Crimean War): named after the village of Balaclava in the Crimea where the Battle of Balaclava occurred between Russian forces and an alliance of British, French and Turkish forces. It is remembered as the scene of the poem The Charge of the Light Brigade by Lord Tennyson.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: balaclava