English

Definition of bare adjective from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    bare

     adjective
    adjective
    BrE BrE//beə(r)//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ber//
     
    (barer, barest)
     
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  1. 1not covered by any clothes She likes to walk around in bare feet. They wore shabby clothes and their feet were bare. see also barefoot
  2. 2(of trees or countryside) not covered with leaves; without plants or trees the bare branches of winter trees a bare mountainside We looked out over a bare, open landscape, stripped of vegetation.
  3. 3(of surfaces) not covered with or protected by anything bare wooden floorboards Bare wires were sticking out of the cable. The walls were bare except for a clock.
  4. 4(of a room, cupboard, etc.) empty The fridge was completely bare. bare shelves a room bare of furniture
  5. 5[only before noun] just enough; the most basic or simple The family was short of even the bare necessities of life. We only had the bare essentials in the way of equipment. He did the bare minimum of work but still passed the exam. She gave me only the bare facts of the case. It was the barest hint of a smile. Nothing more is known apart from the bare statement issued to the press. Which Word?naked / bareBoth these words can be used to mean ‘not covered with clothes’ and are frequently used with the following nouns: naked body/​man/​fear/​aggression/​flame bare feet/​arms/​walls/​branches/​essentials Naked is more often used to describe a person or their body and bare usually describes a part of the body. Bare can also describe other things with nothing on them:bare walls a bare hillside. Naked can mean ‘without a protective covering’:a naked sword. Bare can also mean ‘just enough’:the bare minimum. Naked can be used to talk about strong feelings that are not hidden:naked fear. Note also the idiom:(visible) to/​with the naked eye. Synonymsplainsimple stark bare unequivocal These words all describe statements, often about something unpleasant, that are very clear, not trying to hide anything, and not using more words than necessary.plain used for talking about a fact that other people may not like to hear; honest and direct in way that other people may not like:The plain fact is that nobody really knows.simple [only before noun] used for talking about a fact that other people may not like to hear; very obvious and not complicated by anything else:The simple truth is that we just can’t afford it.plain or simple?When it is being used to emphasize facts that other people may not like to hear, plain is usually used in the expression the plain fact/​truth is that… Simple can be used in this way too, but it can also be used in a wider variety of structures and collocations (such as reason and matter):The problem was due to the simple fact that… The problem was due to the plain fact that… for the plain reason that… It’s a plain matter of… Expressions with simple often suggest impatience with other people’s behaviour.stark (rather formal) used for describing an unpleasant fact or difference that is very obvious:The stark truth is that there is not enough money left. The simple/​plain truth may be something that some people do not want to hear, but it may be good for them to hear it anyway. The stark truth is something particularly unpleasant and has no good side to it at all.bare [only before noun] the most basic or simple, with nothing extra:She gave me only the bare facts of the case.unequivocal (formal) expressing your opinion or intention very clearly and firmly:The reply was an unequivocal ‘no’.Patterns the plain/​simple/​stark/​bare/​unequivocal truth a(n) plain/​simple/​stark/​bare/​unequivocal fact/​statement a(n) plain/​simple/​unequivocal answer Synonymsplainsimple stark bare unequivocal These words all describe statements, often about something unpleasant, that are very clear, not trying to hide anything, and not using more words than necessary.plain used for talking about a fact that other people may not like to hear; honest and direct in way that other people may not like:The plain fact is that nobody really knows.simple [only before noun] used for talking about a fact that other people may not like to hear; very obvious and not complicated by anything else:The simple truth is that we just can’t afford it.plain or simple?When it is being used to emphasize facts that other people may not like to hear, plain is usually used in the expression the plain fact/​truth is that… Simple can be used in this way too, but it can also be used in a wider variety of structures and collocations (such as reason and matter):The problem was due to the simple fact that… The problem was due to the plain fact that… for the plain reason that… It’s a plain matter of… Expressions with simple often suggest impatience with other people’s behaviour.stark (rather formal) used for describing an unpleasant fact or difference that is very obvious:The stark truth is that there is not enough money left. The simple/​plain truth may be something that some people do not want to hear, but it may be good for them to hear it anyway. The stark truth is something particularly unpleasant and has no good side to it at all.bare [only before noun] the most basic or simple, with nothing extra:She gave me only the bare facts of the case.unequivocal (formal) expressing your opinion or intention very clearly and firmly:The reply was an unequivocal ‘no’.Patterns the plain/​simple/​stark/​bare/​unequivocal truth a(n) plain/​simple/​stark/​bare/​unequivocal fact/​statement a(n) plain/​simple/​unequivocal answer
  6. Word Origin Old English bær (noun), barian (verb), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch baar.Extra examples The earth had been laid bare. The house was almost bare of furniture. The room looked strangely bare without the furniture. The room was completely bare. The walls have been stripped bare. You shouldn’t have left the wires bare. At many stores bare shelves greeted shoppers. His bare legs were covered in wiry golden hairs. She likes to walk around in bare feet. The flowers stood out like jewels against the dark, bare soil. The only lighting was a bare bulb hanging from the ceiling. The walls were bare except for a small mirror. The windows looked out onto a bare field. The winter sun filtered through the bare branches of the trees. They found themselves in a huge bare hall. They spent a cold night on the bare mountainside. When she stood up she was completely bare.Idioms
    the bare bones (of something)
     
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    the basic facts the bare bones of the story
    (British English) used to say that there is no money for something They are seeking more funds but the cupboard is bare. This expression refers to a children’s nursery rhyme about Old Mother Hubbard, who had nothing in her cupboard to feed her dog. (formal) to show something that was covered or to make something known that was secret Every aspect of their private lives has been laid bare. without weapons or tools He was capable of killing a man with his bare hands. We pulled the wall down with our bare hands.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: bare