(1913-76) a composer who wrote some of the best and most popular British classical music of the 20th century. His best-known music was written for voices, including the operas Peter Grimes (1945) and Billy Budd (1951). Many of his pieces were written to be sung by his friend Peter Pears, and many others were written for children. He lived the second half of his life in Aldeburgh, and established the music festival there. He was made a life peer in 1976.