English

Definition of boom noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    boom

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//buːm//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//buːm//
     
    Economy, Trends, Parts of boats and ships, Travelling by boat or ship
     
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    in business/economy
  1. 1a sudden increase in trade and economic activity; a period of wealth and success Living standards improved rapidly during the post-war boom. boom in something a boom in car sales a boom year (for trade, exports, etc.) a property/housing boom a chaotic period of boom and bust Wordfinderboom, decline, dip, fluctuate, level off/​out, peak, plateau, plummet, slump, trend Wordfinderboom, business, commerce, embargo, import, market, monopoly, sanction, tariff, trade CollocationsThe economyManaging the economy handle/​run/​manage the economy boost investment/​spending/​employment/​growth stimulate demand/​the economy/​industry cut/​reduce investment/​spending/​borrowing reduce/​curb/​control/​keep down inflation create/​fuel growth/​demand/​a boom/​a bubble encourage/​foster/​promote/​stimulate/​stifle innovation/​competition encourage/​work with/​compete with the private sector increase/​boost/​promote US/​agricultural exports ban/​restrict/​block cheap/​foreign imports the economy grows/​expands/​shrinks/​contracts/​slows (down)/recovers/​improves/​is booming enjoy an economic/​housing/​property boomEconomic problems push up/​drive up prices/​costs/​inflation damage/​hurt/​destroy industry/​the economy cause/​lead to/​go into/​avoid/​escape recession experience/​suffer a recession/​downturn fight/​combat inflation/​deflation/​unemployment cause/​create inflation/​poverty/​unemployment create/​burst a housing/​stock market bubble cause/​trigger a stock market crash/​the collapse of the banking system face/​be plunged into a financial/​an economic crisis be caught in/​experience cycles of boom and bustPublic finance cut/​reduce/​slash/​increase/​double the defence/(especially US English) defense/​education/​aid budget increase/​boost/​slash/​cut public spending increase/​put up/​raise/​cut/​lower/​reduce taxes raise/​cut/​lower/​reduce interest rates ease/​loosen/​tighten monetary policy balance the (state/​federal) budget achieve/​maintain a balanced budget run a ($4 trillion) budget deficit/​surplus compare slump see also baby boom See related entries: Economy, Trends
  2. popular period
  3. 2[usually singular] a period when something such as a sport or a type of music suddenly becomes very popular and successful The only way to satisfy the golf boom was to build more courses.
  4. on boat
  5. 3a long pole that the bottom of a sail is attached to and that you move to change the position of the sail See related entries: Parts of boats and ships, Travelling by boat or ship
  6. sound
  7. 4[usually singular] a loud deep sound the distant boom of the guns
  8. see also sonic boom
    in river/harbour
  9. 5a floating barrier that is placed across a river or the entrance to a harbour to prevent ships or other objects from coming in or going out
  10. for microphone
  11. 6a long pole that carries a microphone or other equipment
  12. Word Originnoun sense 4 late Middle English (as a verb): ultimately imitative; perhaps from Dutch bommen ‘to hum, buzz’. noun senses 1 to 2 late 19th cent. (originally US): probably from boom ‘a loud sound’. noun sense 3 and noun senses 5 to 6 mid 16th cent. (in the general sense ‘beam, pole’): from Dutch, ‘beam, tree, pole’; related to beam.Extra examples He was born during the post-war baby boom. The boom was fuelled by accelerated demand for consumer products. The deep boom of a foghorn echoed across the bay. We heard the sonic boom of a jet overhead. a boom in house prices a boom in real estate the baby boom generation the ordinary business cycle of boom and bust A sonic boom is produced when an aircraft travels faster than the speed of sound. The deafening boom of the explosion was heard up to 10 kilometres away. a boom year for exports a property/​housing boom
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: boom