1 [countable,usually singular]bottom (of something)the lowest part of somethingFootnotes are given at the bottom of each page.The wind blew through gaps at the top and bottom of the door.I waited for them at the bottom of the hill.The book I want is right at the bottom (= of the pile).oppositetopfarmers who lived in the valley bottomsSynonymsbottombasefoundationfootThese are all words for the lowest part of something.bottom [usually sing.] the lowest part of something:Footnotes are given at the bottom of each page.I waited for them at the bottom of the hill.base [usually sing.] the lowest part of something, especially the part or surface on which it rests or stands:The lamp has a heavy base.foundation [usually pl.] a layer of bricks, concrete, etc. that forms the solid underground base of a building:to lay the foundations of the new schoolfoot [sing.] the lowest part of something:At the foot of the stairs she turned to face him.bottom or foot?Foot is used to talk about a limited number of things: it is used most often with tree, hill/mountain, steps/stairs and page. Bottom can be used to talk about a much wider range of things, including those mentioned above for foot. Foot is generally used in more literary contexts.Patternsat/near/towards the bottom/base/foot of somethingon the bottom/base of something (a) firm/solid/strong base/foundation(s)
2 [countable,usually singular]bottom (of something)the part of something that faces downwards and is not usually seenThe manufacturer's name is on the bottom of the plate.
3 [countable,usually singular]bottom (of something)the lowest surface on the inside of a containerI found some coins at the bottom of my bag.Allow the tea leaves to settle to the bottom of the cup.
4 [singular]the ground below the water in a lake, river, swimming pool, etc.He dived in and hit his head on the bottom.I feel safe as long as I can touch the bottom.See related entries:Rivers and lakes
end of something
5 the bottom (of something)[singular](especially British English)the part of something that is furthest from you, your house, etc.I went to the school at the bottom of our street.There was a stream at the bottom of the garden.
6 [singular]bottom (of something)the lowest position in a class, on a list, etc.; a person, team, etc. that is in this positiona battle between the teams at the bottom of the leagueYou have to be prepared to start at the bottom and work your way up.I was always bottom of the class in math.
10(in adjectives)having the type of bottom mentioneda flat-bottomed boat
Word OriginOld Englishbotm, of Germanic origin; related to Dutchbodem
.Extra examplesHe reached the bottom of the steps in no time.He started at the bottom and worked his way up through the company.He’s near the bottom of the class.I’d love to know what lies at the bottom of all this.Line the bottom of the cage with newspaper.She could only just touch the bottom.The boat sank to the bottom of the sea.The only way to get to the bottom of it is to confront the chairman.We rode along the bottom of the valley.a case with a false bottomat the bottom of the hillin the bottom of my bagon the bottom of the boxstrange sounds from the bottom of the wellThe book I want is right at the bottom.Idioms
a situation in which companies and countries compete with each other to produce goods as cheaply as possible by paying low wages and giving workers poor conditions and few rightsThey are caught in the cheap food syndrome, the race to the bottom, the chase for the lowest cost of production globally.