Definition of calque noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



BrE BrE//kælk//
; NAmE NAmE//kælk//
(also loan translation) (linguistics) Linguistic devices
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a word or expression in a language that is a translation of a word or expression in another language ‘Traffic calming’ is a calque of the German ‘Verkehrsberuhigung’. See related entries: Linguistic devices Word Origin1930s: from French, literally ‘copy, tracing’, from calquer ‘to trace’, via Italian from Latin calcare ‘to tread’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: calque