Definition of century noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    century

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//ˈsentʃəri//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈsentʃəri//
     
    (pl. centuries) Cricket
     
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  1. 1  a period of 100 years
  2. 2  (abbreviation c, cent.) any of the periods of 100 years before or after the birth of Christ the 20th century (= AD 1901–2000 or 1900–1999) eighteenth-century writers By the close of this century another two billion people will have been born.
  3. 3(in cricket) a score of 100 runs by one player See related entries: Cricket
  4. Word Origin late Middle English originally referring to a company in the ancient Roman army, of a hundred men: from Latin centuria, from centum ‘hundred’. Sense (1) dates from the early 17th cent.Extra examples America’s influence on culture grew throughout the 20th century. As the 21st century dawned, the Internet promised to reshape society. As we enter the 21st century, the challenges facing our world seem overwhelming. He lived in the 16th century. It was built in the 20th century. Later centuries saw the development of a complex agricultural system. The 19th century witnessed the publication of many books on the history of art. The city’s population doubled during the 19th century. There have been orchards in this region for centuries. a 17th-century building a celebration to welcome the new century a centuries old custom a collection of paintings spanning four centuries a marble floor worn smooth over the centuries a tradition passed down through the centuries A century ago, weavers and bricklayers in this working class district won some of the earliest strikes for the ten-hour day.Idioms
    the turn of the century/year
     
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    the time when a new century/year starts It was built at the turn of the century.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: century

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