- 1[intransitive, transitive] when a liquid, gas or air circulates or is circulated, it moves continuously around a place or system The condition prevents the blood from circulating freely. circulate something Cooled air is circulated throughout the building.
- 2[intransitive, transitive] circulate (something) if a story, an idea, information, etc. circulates or if you circulate it, it spreads or it is passed from one person to another Rumours began to circulate about his financial problems.
- 3[transitive] circulate something (to somebody) to send goods or information to all the people in a group The document will be circulated to all members.
- 4[intransitive] to move around a group, especially at a party, talking to different people Word Origin late 15th cent. (as an alchemical term meaning ‘distil something in a closed container, allowing condensed vapour to return to the original liquid’): from Latin circulat-
BrE BrE//ˈsɜːkjəleɪt//; NAmE NAmE//ˈsɜːrkjəleɪt//Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they circulate
BrE BrE//ˈsɜːkjəleɪt//; NAmE NAmE//ˈsɜːrkjəleɪt//he / she / it circulates
BrE BrE//ˈsɜːkjəleɪts//; NAmE NAmE//ˈsɜːrkjəleɪts//past simple circulated
BrE BrE//ˈsɜːkjəleɪtɪd//; NAmE NAmE//ˈsɜːrkjəleɪtɪd//past participle circulated
BrE BrE//ˈsɜːkjəleɪtɪd//; NAmE NAmE//ˈsɜːrkjəleɪtɪd//-ing form circulating
BrE BrE//ˈsɜːkjəleɪtɪŋ//; NAmE NAmE//ˈsɜːrkjəleɪtɪŋ//