Definition of coalition noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ˌkəʊəˈlɪʃn//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˌkoʊəˈlɪʃn//
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  1. 1[countable + singular or plural verb] a government formed by two or more political parties working together to form a coalition a two-party coalition a coalition government Wordfinderact, bill, chamber, coalition, election, law, legislation, parliament, politician, vote
  2. 2[countable + singular or plural verb] a group formed by people from several different groups, especially political ones, agreeing to work together for a particular purpose a coalition of environmental and consumer groups
  3. 3[uncountable] the act of two or more groups joining together They didn't rule out coalition with the Social Democrats.
  4. Word Originearly 17th cent. (in the sense ‘fusion’): from medieval Latin coalitio(n-), from the verb coalescere ‘grow together’, from co- (from cum ‘with’) + alescere ‘grow up’. Usage in politics dates from the late 18th cent.Extra examples The two parties governed in coalition for four years. The two parties have formed a coalition. They formed a coalition with the Greens. a broad coalition of democratic and republican groups a broad-based coalition of religious and community groups a coalition between the Socialists and Communists a coalition led by the Socialist Party a grand coalition of various environmental groups an umbrella coalition of human rights organizations the biggest party in the government coalition Government soldiers raided the opposition coalition’s offices. The network is a global coalition of environmental and consumer groups. The proposal has been backed by a broad coalition of prison reform groups.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: coalition