English

Definition of cold noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    cold

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//kəʊld//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//koʊld//
     
    Being ill
     
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    low temperature
  1. 1  [uncountable] a lack of heat or warmth; a low temperature, especially in the atmosphere He shivered with cold. Don't stand outside in the cold. She doesn't seem to feel the cold. You'll catch your death of cold (= used to warn somebody they could become ill if they do not keep warm in cold weather).
  2. illness
  3. 2   [countable] (less frequent the common cold) a common illness that affects the nose and/or throat, making you cough, sneeze, etc. I've got a cold. a bad/heavy/slight cold to catch a cold CollocationsIllnessesBecoming ill catch a cold/​an infectious disease/​the flu/(British English) flu/​pneumonia/​a virus/(informal) a bug get (British English) ill/(North American English) sick/​a disease/​AIDS/​breast cancer/​a cold/​the flu/(British English) flu/​a migraine come down with a cold/​the flu/(British English) flu contract a deadly disease/​a serious illness/​HIV/​AIDS be infected with a virus/​a parasite/​HIV develop cancer/​diabetes/​a rash/​an ulcer/​symptoms of hepatitis have a heart attack/​a stroke provoke/​trigger/​produce an allergic reaction block/​burst/​rupture a blood vessel damage/​sever a nerve/​an artery/​a tendonBeing ill feel (British English) ill/​sick/​nauseous/​queasy be running (British English) a temperature/(North American English) a fever have a head cold/​diabetes/​heart disease/​lung cancer/​a headache/(British English) a high temperature/(North American English) a fever suffer from asthma/​malnutrition/​frequent headaches/​bouts of depression/​a mental disorder be laid up with/ (British English) be in bed with a cold/​the flu/(British English) flu/​a migraine nurse a cold/​a headache/​a hangover battle/​fight cancer/​depression/​addiction/​alcoholismTreatments examine a patient diagnose a condition/​disease/​disorder be diagnosed with cancer/​diabetes/​schizophrenia prescribe/​be given/​be on/​take drugs/​medicine/​medication/​pills/​painkillers/​antibiotics treat somebody for cancer/​depression/​shock have/​undergo an examination/​an operation/​surgery/​a kidney transplant/​therapy/​chemotherapy/​treatment for cancer have/​be given an injection/(British English) a flu jab/(North American English) a flu shot/​a blood transfusion/​a scan/​an X-ray cure a disease/​an ailment/​cancer/​a headache/​a patient prevent the spread of disease/​further outbreaks/​damage to the lungs be vaccinated against the flu/(British English) flu/​the measles/(British English) measles/​polio/​smallpox enhance/​boost/​confer/​build immunity to a disease See related entries: Being ill
  4. Word Origin Old English cald, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch koud and German kalt, also to Latin gelu ‘frost’.Extra examples He stood out in the cold and waited. He took cold, developed pneumonia, and that was the end of him. I don’t feel the cold as badly as many people. I must have caught a cold on the bus. If you stay out in the rain you’ll catch cold! Jim stayed at home because he was nursing a cold. Millions of ordinary workers feel left out in the cold by the shift to digital technology. My hands were blue with cold. She won her match despite suffering from a heavy cold. The house has double glazing to keep out the cold. We were well wrapped up against the cold. When the coalition was formed the Liberals were left out in the cold. When will they find a cure for the common cold? Don’t stand outside in the cold. She doesn’t seem to feel the cold.Idioms
    catch your death (of cold)
     
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    (old-fashioned, informal) to catch a very bad cold
    to become accepted or included in a group, etc. after a period of being outside it
    leave somebody out in the cold
     
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    to not include somebody in a group or an activity
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: cold