English

Definition of collect verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    collect

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//kəˈlekt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kəˈlekt//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they collect
    BrE BrE//kəˈlekt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kəˈlekt//
     
    he / she / it collects
    BrE BrE//kəˈlekts//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kəˈlekts//
     
    past simple collected
    BrE BrE//kəˈlektɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kəˈlektɪd//
     
    past participle collected
    BrE BrE//kəˈlektɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kəˈlektɪd//
     
    -ing form collecting
    BrE BrE//kəˈlektɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kəˈlektɪŋ//
     
    The art world
     
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    bring together
  1. 1  [transitive] to bring things together from different people or places synonym gather collect something to collect data/evidence/information We're collecting signatures for a petition. collect something from somebody/something Samples were collected from over 200 patients.
  2. as hobby
  3. 2  [transitive] collect something to buy or find things of a particular type and keep them as a hobby to collect stamps/postcards, etc. see also stamp collecting See related entries: The art world
  4. of people
  5. 3[intransitive] to come together in one place to form a larger group synonym gather A crowd began to collect in front of the embassy.
  6. increase in amount
  7. 4  [intransitive, transitive] to gradually increase in amount in a place; to gradually obtain more and more of something in a place synonym accumulate Dirt had collected in the corners of the room. collect something We seem to have collected an enormous number of boxes (= without intending to). That guitar's been sitting collecting dust (= not being used) for years now. It’s amazing how she collects friends. Synonymscollectgather accumulate amassThese words all mean to get more of something over a period of time, or to increase in quantity over a period of time.collect to bring things or information together from different people or places; to gradually increase in amount in a place:We’ve been collecting data from various sources. Dirt had collected in the corners of the room. People sometimes collect things of a particular type as a hobby:to collect stamps.gather to bring things together that have been spread around; to collect information from different sources:I waited while he gathered up his papers. Detectives have spent months gathering evidence.collect or gather?Both collect and gather can be used in the same way to talk about bringing together data, information or evidence. When talking about things, gather is used with words like things, belongings or papers when the things are spread around within a short distance. Collect is used for getting examples of something from different people or places that are physically separated.accumulate (rather formal) to gradually get more and more of something over a period of time; to gradually increase in number or quantity over a period of time:I seem to have accumulated a lot of books. Debts began to accumulate.amass (rather formal) to collect something in large quantities, especially money, debts or information:He amassed a fortune from silver mining.Patterns to collect/​gather/​accumulate/​amass data/​evidence/​information to accumulate/​amass a fortune/​debts dirt/​dust/​debris collects/​accumulates to gradually/​slowly collect/​gather/​accumulate (something)
  8. take away
  9. 5  [transitive] to go somewhere in order to take somebody/something away collect something (from…) What day do they collect the rubbish/garbage? The package is waiting to be collected. (British English) collect somebody (from…) She's gone to collect her son from school.
  10. money
  11. 6  [intransitive, transitive] to ask people to give you money for a particular purpose collect (for something) We're collecting for local charities. collect something (for something) We collected over £300 for the appeal.
  12. 7[transitive] collect something to obtain the money, etc. that somebody owes, for example by going to their house to get it to collect rent/debts/tax
  13. receive/win
  14. 8[transitive, intransitive] collect (something) to receive something; to win something She collected £25 000 in compensation. to collect a prize/a medal She collected $50 000 on her husband’s life insurance policies.
  15. Word Origin late Middle English: from Old French collecter or medieval Latin collectare, from Latin collect- ‘gathered together’, from the verb colligere, from col- ‘together’ + legere ‘choose or collect’.Extra examples He went to the casino most nights, but usually failed to collect. That guitar’s been sitting collecting dust for years now. They usually collect the rubbish/​garbage on a Thursday. We seem to have collected an enormous number of boxes. We were invited to London to collect our prize. We’re collecting for local charities. We’re collecting signatures for a petition. We’ve been collecting data from various sources. What time do you have to collect the children from school? Your package is ready to be collected. to collect stamps/​postcards/​fossilsIdioms
      collect yourself/your thoughts
       
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    1. 1to try to control your emotions and become calm I'm fine—I just need a minute to collect myself.
    2. 2to prepare yourself mentally for something She paused to collect her thoughts before entering the interview room.
    Phrasal Verbscollect somethingup
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: collect