English

Definition of comparison noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    comparison

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//kəmˈpærɪsn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kəmˈpærɪsn//
     
     
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  1. 1  [uncountable] comparison (with somebody/something) the process of comparing two or more people or things Comparison with other oil-producing countries is extremely interesting. I enclose the two plans for comparison. The education system bears/stands no comparison with(= is not as good as) that in many Asian countries. For Durkheim, comparison was the most important method of analysis in sociology.
  2. 2  [countable] an occasion when two or more people or things are compared comparison of A and B a comparison of the rail systems in Britain and France comparison of A with B a comparison of men’s salaries with those of women comparison between A and B comparisons between Britain and the rest of Europe comparison of A to B a comparison of the brain to a computer (= showing what is similar) comparison (with something) It is difficult to make a comparison with her previous book—they are completely different. You can draw comparisons with the situation in Ireland (= say how the two situations are similar). Language BanksimilarlyMaking comparisons This chart provides a comparison of the ways that teenage boys and girls in the UK spend their free time. In many cases, the results for boys and girls are virtually the same/identical. In many cases, the results for boys are virtually the same as/identical to the results for girls. Both boys and girls spend the bulk of their free time with friends. Most of the boys do more than two hours of sport a week, as do many of the girls. Like many of the girls, most of the boys spend a large part of their free time using the Internet. The girls particularly enjoy using social networking websites. Similarly, nearly all the boys said they spent at least two to three hours a week on these sites.
  3. Word Origin Middle English: from Old French comparesoun, from Latin comparatio(n-), from comparare ‘to pair, match’, from compar ‘like, equal’, from com- ‘with’ + par ‘equal’.Extra examples Jane is still quite young, and Fiona seems old by comparison. Let’s put them side by side for comparison. Our problems don’t bear comparison with those elsewhere. The glasses are small in comparison with the old ones. The similarity between the two invites comparison. a comparison between figures for last year and this year a comparison of unemployment rates over the past 15 years a comparison with other schools a price-comparison site to provide a basis for comparison He made comparisons between Britain and the rest of Europe. I enclose the two plans for comparison. The education system bears no comparison with that in many Central European countries. The tallest buildings in London are small in comparison with New York’s skyscrapers. You can draw comparisons with the situation in Australia. a comparison of the brain to a computerIdioms  used especially at the beginning of a sentence when the next thing that is mentioned is compared with something in the previous sentence By comparison, expenditure on education increased last year. His problems seemed trivial by comparison.
    by/in comparison (with somebody/something)
     
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     when compared with somebody/something The second half of the game was dull by comparison with the first. The tallest buildings in London are small in comparison with New York's skyscrapers.
    pale beside/next to something, pale in/by comparison (with/to something), pale into insignificance
     
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    to seem less important when compared with something else Last year's riots pale in comparison with this latest outburst of violence. Our problems pale into insignificance when compared to theirs.
    there’s no comparison
     
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    used to emphasize the difference between two people or things that are being compared In terms of price there's no comparison (= one thing is much more expensive than the other).
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: comparison

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