Definition of comprise verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    comprise

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//kəmˈpraɪz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kəmˈpraɪz//
     
    (not used in the progressive tenses)(formal)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they comprise
    BrE BrE//kəmˈpraɪz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kəmˈpraɪz//
     
    he / she / it comprises
    BrE BrE//kəmˈpraɪzɪz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kəmˈpraɪzɪz//
     
    past simple comprised
    BrE BrE//kəmˈpraɪzd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kəmˈpraɪzd//
     
    past participle comprised
    BrE BrE//kəmˈpraɪzd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kəmˈpraɪzd//
     
    past simple comprising
    BrE BrE//kəmˈpraɪzɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kəmˈpraɪzɪŋ//
     
    past participle comprising
    BrE BrE//kəmˈpraɪzɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kəmˈpraɪzɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1(also be comprised of) comprise something to have somebody/something as parts or members synonym consist of The collection comprises 327 paintings. The committee is comprised of representatives from both the public and private sectors.
  2. 2comprise something to be the parts or members that form something synonym make up Older people comprise a large proportion of those living in poverty. Synonymsconsist of somebody/​somethingcomprise make up something constitute be composed of somebody/​somethingThese words all mean to be formed from the things or people mentioned, or to be the parts that form something.consist of somebody/​something to be formed from the people, things or activities mentioned: Their diet consists largely of vegetables.comprise (rather formal) to be formed from the things or people mentioned: The collection comprises 327 paintings. Comprise can also be used to refer to the parts or members of something: Older people comprise a large proportion of those living in poverty. However, this is less frequent. make up something (rather informal) to be the parts or people that form something: Women make up 56% of the student numbers.constitute(formal) to be the parts or people that form something: People under the age of 40 constitute the majority of the labour force.be composed of somebody/​something (rather formal) to be formed from the things or people mentioned: Around 15% of our diet is composed of protein.which word?Consist of somebody/​something is the most general of these words and the only one that can be used for activities with the -ing form of a verb: My work at that time just consisted of typing letters. The other main difference is between those verbs that take the whole as the subject and the parts as the object: The group consists of/​comprises/​is made up of/​is composed of ten people. and those that take the parts as the subject and the whole as the object: Ten people make up/​constitute/​comprise the group. It is not correct to use ‘comprises of’ or ‘is composed by/​from’. Language BankproportionDescribing fractions and proportions According to this pie chart, a third of students’ leisure time is spent watching TV. One in five hours is/​are spent socializing. Socializing accounts for/makes up/comprises about 20% of leisure time. Students spend twice as much time playing computer games as doing sport. Three times as many hours are spent playing computer games as reading. The figure for playing computer games is three times higher than the figure for reading. The largest proportion of time is spent playing computer games.
  3. Word Origin late Middle English: from French, ‘comprised’, feminine past participle of comprendre, from Old French comprehender, from com- ‘together’ + prehendere ‘grasp’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: comprise