Definition of congestion noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//kənˈdʒestʃən//
    ; NAmE NAmE//kənˈdʒestʃən//
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  1. 1the state of being crowded and full of traffic traffic congestion and pollution CollocationsTown and countryTown live in a city/​a town/​an urban environment/(informal) a concrete jungle/​the suburbs/​shanty towns/​slums live (especially North American English) downtown/​in the downtown area/(British English) in the city centre enjoy/​like the hectic pace of life/​the hustle and bustle of city life cope with the stress/​pressure of urban life get caught up in the rat race prefer/​seek the anonymity of life in a big city be drawn by/​resist the lure of the big city head for the bright lights (of the big city/​New York) enjoy/​love the vibrant/​lively nightlife have/​be close to all the amenities be surrounded by towering skyscrapers/​a soulless urban sprawl use/​travel by/​rely on (British English) public transport/(North American English) public transportation put up with/​get stuck in/​sit in massive/​huge/​heavy/​endless/​constant traffic jams tackle/​ease/​reduce/​relieve/​alleviate the heavy/​severe traffic congestion be affected/​choked/​damaged by pollutionCountry live in a village/​the countryside/​an isolated area/​a rural backwater/(informal) the sticks enjoy/​like the relaxed/​slower pace of life enjoy/​love/​explore the great outdoors look for/​find/​get/​enjoy a little peace and quiet need/​want to get back/​closer to nature be surrounded by open/​unspoilt/​picturesque countryside escape/​quit/​get out of/​leave the rat race seek/​achieve a better/​healthy work-life balance downshift to a less stressful life seek/​start a new life in the country (British English, informal) up sticks/ (North American English, informal ) pull up stakes and move to/​head for… create/​build/​foster a strong sense of community depend on/​be employed in/​work in agriculture live off/​farm/​work the land tackle/​address the problem of rural unemployment
  2. 2 (medical) the state of part of the body being blocked with blood or mucus congestion of the lungs medicine to relieve nasal congestion
  3. Word Originlate Middle English: via Old French from Latin congestio(n-), from congere ‘heap up’, from con- ‘together’ + gerere ‘bring’.Extra examples Engineers are hoping network congestion will become a thing of the past. Parking near the school causes severe traffic congestion. a study of downtown traffic congestion measures to ease the increasing congestion in Hong Kong the nation’s dependence on cars and the resulting highway congestion Better public transport would help ease traffic congestion. Expect severe congestion on the approach to the freeway this morning. Heavy congestion was reported on many motorways.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: congestion