English

Definition of congress noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    congress

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//ˈkɒŋɡres//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈkɑːŋɡrəs//
     
     
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  1. 1  [countable] a large formal meeting or series of meetings where representatives from different groups discuss ideas, make decisions, etc. an international congress of trades unions
  2. 2  [countable + singular or plural verb] Congress (in the US and some other countries) the name of the group of people who are elected to make laws, in the US consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives Congress will vote on the proposals tomorrow. CollocationsPoliticsPower create/​form/​be the leader of a political party gain/​take/​win/​lose/​regain control of Congress start/​spark/​lead/​be on the brink of a revolution be engaged/​locked in an internal power struggle lead/​form a rival/​breakaway faction seize/​take control of the government/​power bring down/​overthrow/​topple the government/​president/​regime abolish/​overthrow/​restore the monarchy establish/​install a military dictatorship/​a stable government be forced/​removed/​driven from office/​power resign/​step down as party leader/​an MP/​president/​prime minister enter/​retire from/​return to political lifePolitical debate spark/​provoke a heated/​hot/​intense/​lively debate engage in/​participate in/​contribute to (the) political/​public debate (on/​over something) get involved in/​feel excluded from the political process launch/​start/​lead/​spearhead a campaign/​movement join/​be linked with the peace/​anti-war/​feminist/​civil rights movement criticize/​speak out against/​challenge/​support the government lobby/​put pressure on the government (to do something) come under fire/​pressure from opposition partiesPolicy call for/​demand/​propose/​push for/​advocate democratic/​political/​land reform(s) formulate/​implement domestic economic policy change/​influence/​shape/​have an impact on government/​economic/​public policy be consistent with/​be in line with/​go against/​be opposed to government policy reform/​restructure/​modernize the tax system privatize/​improve/​deliver/​make cuts in public services invest (heavily) in/​spend something on schools/​education/​public services/(the) infrastructure nationalize the banks/​the oil industry promise/​propose/​deliver/​give ($80 billion in/​significant/​substantial/​massive) tax cuts a/​the budget is approved/ (especially North American English) passed by parliament/​congressMaking laws have a majority in/​have seats in Parliament/​Congress/​the Senate propose/​sponsor a bill/​legislation/​a resolution introduce/​bring in/​draw up/​draft/​adopt/​pass a bill/​a law/​legislation/​measures amend/​repeal an act/​a law/​legislation veto/​vote against/​oppose a bill/​legislation/​a measure/​a proposal/​a resolution get/​require/​be decided by a majority vote Wordfindercaucus, congress, the Electoral College, House of Representatives, nomination, president, primary, running mate, senate, swing state Culture Congress is one of the three branches of the US federal government, the legislative branch. Congress is bicameral, i.e. it has two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The main job of Congress is making laws. Before a new law can be made, both houses have to pass it, and it must then have the approval of the President. In a system of government based on a series of checks and balances, the two houses of Congress act as a check on each other, as well as together forming a check on the powers of the executive branch, especially the President. note at federal government
  3. 3[countable + singular or plural verb] used in the names of political parties in some countries the African National Congress
  4. Word Origin late Middle English (denoting an encounter during battle): from Latin congressus, from congredi ‘meet’, from con- ‘together’ + gradi ‘walk’.Extra examples Congress adjourned for the year without approving an economic stimulus package. Congress annually enacts legislation to fund NASA. Congress appropriated $75 million for the program. Congress approved most of the new powers. Congress authorized $18 billion to launch the program. Congress debated the issue at length. Congress is currently considering legislation that would authorize the US nuclear weapons laboratories to study new types of nuclear weapons. Congress passed a series of important measures. Congress voted to delay a decision. It was a year before the association met again in congress. Outraged, he took his case to Congress. President Fujimori suspended Congress and the judiciary. The Liberals in Congress felt the reforms did not go far enough. The Republican congress applauded this news enthusiastically. The committee will call a national congress of 1 000 delegates. The congress agreed to the tax-cutting package. The general secretary opened the congress on global warming. They will have to go to Congress to get the money. Three hundred delegates attended the Liberal party congress. We met again at the annual congress. We wanted to offer the congress participants a greater diversity of content. Within two years of coming to power, he dissolved Congress and the courts. a congress on language in education legislation for the next session of Congress
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: congress