Definition of consume verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    consume

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//kənˈsjuːm//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kənˈsuːm//
     
    (formal)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they consume
    BrE BrE//kənˈsjuːm//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kənˈsuːm//
     
    he / she / it consumes
    BrE BrE//kənˈsjuːmz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kənˈsuːmz//
     
    past simple consumed
    BrE BrE//kənˈsjuːmd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kənˈsuːmd//
     
    past participle consumed
    BrE BrE//kənˈsjuːmd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kənˈsuːmd//
     
    -ing form consuming
    BrE BrE//kənˈsjuːmɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//kənˈsuːmɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1consume something to use something, especially fuel, energy or time The electricity industry consumes large amounts of fossil fuels. 25 per cent of the world’s population consumes 80 per cent of the planet’s resources.
  2. 2consume something to eat or drink something Before he died he had consumed a large quantity of alcohol. a half-consumed loaf of bread
  3. 3consume somebody (with something) [usually passive] to fill somebody with a strong feeling Carolyn was consumed with guilt. Rage consumed him.
  4. 4consume something (of fire) to completely destroy something The hotel was quickly consumed by fire.
  5. see also all-consuming, consuming, consumption, time-consuming
    Word Origin late Middle English: from Latin consumere, from con- ‘altogether’ + sumere ‘take up’; reinforced by French consumer.Extra examples Bureaucracy consumes money that could have been spent on public services. My new car consumes much less fuel. Paperwork consumes time which could be better used getting on with the job itself. Red meat should be consumed in moderation. The production of new paper from wood pulp consumes vast amounts of energy.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: consume