Definition of cowboys and Indians noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

cowboys and Indians

 noun
noun
BrE
 
; NAmE
 
[uncountable]
 
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a children's game in which some children pretend to be cowboys and others pretend to be Indians (Native Americans). They have imaginary fights, sometimes wearing special clothes, based on what they have seen in westerns The kids were playing cowboys and Indians in the back garden.