Definition of data noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ˈdeɪtə//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈdeɪtə//
    ; BrE also BrE//ˈdɑːtə//
    ; NAmE also NAmE//ˈdætə//
    (used as a plural noun in technical English, when the singular is datum) Experiments and research, Computer programming
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  1. 1  [uncountable, plural] facts or information, especially when examined and used to find out things or to make decisions This data was collected from 69 countries. the analysis/interpretation of the data raw data (= that has not been analysed) demographical/historical/personal data (specialist) These data show that most cancers are detected as a result of clinical follow-up. CollocationsScientific researchTheory formulate/​advance a theory/​hypothesis build/​construct/​create/​develop a simple/​theoretical/​mathematical model develop/​establish/​provide/​use a theoretical/​conceptual framework advance/​argue/​develop the thesis that… explore an idea/​a concept/​a hypothesis make a prediction/​an inference base a prediction/​your calculations on something investigate/​evaluate/​accept/​challenge/​reject a theory/​hypothesis/​modelExperiment design an experiment/​a questionnaire/​a study/​a test do research/​an experiment/​an analysis make observations/​measurements/​calculations carry out/​conduct/​perform an experiment/​a test/​a longitudinal study/​observations/​clinical trials run an experiment/​a simulation/​clinical trials repeat an experiment/​a test/​an analysis replicate a study/​the results/​the findings observe/​study/​examine/​investigate/​assess a pattern/​a process/​a behaviour/(especially US English) a behavior fund/​support the research/​project/​study seek/​provide/​get/​secure funding for researchResults collect/​gather/​extract data/​information yield data/​evidence/​similar findings/​the same results analyse/​examine the data/​soil samples/​a specimen consider/​compare/​interpret the results/​findings fit the data/​model confirm/​support/​verify a prediction/​a hypothesis/​the results/​the findings prove a conjecture/​hypothesis/​theorem draw/​make/​reach the same conclusions read/​review the records/​literature describe/​report an experiment/​a study present/​publish/​summarize the results/​findings present/​publish/​read/​review/​cite a paper in a scientific journal See related entries: Experiments and research
  2. 2  [uncountable] information that is stored by a computer data retrieval (= ways of storing or finding information on a computer) Wordfindercopy, data, delete, file, folder, icon, menu, open, password, print Wordfindercode, data, functionality, input, interface, keyword, operating system, program, retrieve, software More Like This Easily-confused plural/​singular forms bacteria/​bacterium, criteria/​criterion, data/​datum, media/​medium, phenomena/​phenomenon, strata/​stratumSee worksheet. See related entries: Computer programming
  3. Word Originmid 17th cent. (as a term in philosophy): from Latin, plural of datum.Extra examples Although we were using the same set of data, we obtained different results. Data about patients is only released with their permission. Data indicates that most crime is committed by young males. My aim is to synthesize data from all the surveys. One vital item of data was missing from the table. Special software is needed to manipulate the mass of data. The computer can manipulate massive amounts of data. The data derived from this project has increased our knowledge of how genes work. The fuller data set for this period permits a much more detailed analysis. The government departments refused to provide the data that we required. The next step is to feed in all this data. There is no hard data to support these theories. These demands could breach EU data-protection laws. They are not allowed to hold data on people’s private finances. This data reflects the magnitude of the problem. This theory seems to fit the available data. We have amassed a large amount of raw data for analysis. We have amassed the raw data and are about to begin analysing it. We have found some very interesting things in the data. We have no data for southern Mexico. We need to collect more data before we can do any more work. Weather conditions have made accurate data collection difficult. data on the effects of pollution The computer can manipulate huge amounts of data almost instantaneously. The data was collected from 67 countries. The historical data is incomplete. There is very little reliable data available. These data were collected over a period of several months. They are testing some new data capture software. They do not have any data for southern Spain. This is just raw data. What methods are you using to interpret the data?
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: data