Definition of discharge verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//dɪsˈtʃɑːdʒ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪsˈtʃɑːrdʒ//
    (formal)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they discharge
    BrE BrE//dɪsˈtʃɑːdʒ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪsˈtʃɑːrdʒ//
    he / she / it discharges
    BrE BrE//dɪsˈtʃɑːdʒɪz//
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪsˈtʃɑːrdʒɪz//
    past simple discharged
    BrE BrE//dɪsˈtʃɑːdʒd//
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪsˈtʃɑːrdʒd//
    past participle discharged
    BrE BrE//dɪsˈtʃɑːdʒd//
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪsˈtʃɑːrdʒd//
    -ing form discharging
    BrE BrE//dɪsˈtʃɑːdʒɪŋ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//dɪsˈtʃɑːrdʒɪŋ//
    Prison, Medical equipment
    jump to other results
    from hospital/job
  1. 1[transitive, usually passive] discharge somebody (from something) to give somebody official permission to leave a place or job; to make somebody leave a job Patients were being discharged from the hospital too early. She had discharged herself against medical advice. He was discharged from the army following his injury. She was discharged from the police force for bad conduct. See related entries: Medical equipment
  2. from prison/court
  3. 2[transitive, often passive] discharge somebody to allow somebody to leave prison or court He was conditionally discharged after admitting the theft. Wordfindercell, death row, discharge, justice, parole, prison, probation, remission, sentence, warder See related entries: Prison
  4. gas/liquid
  5. 3[intransitive, transitive] when a gas or a liquid discharges or is discharged, or somebody discharges it, it flows somewhere discharge (into something) The river is diverted through the power station before discharging into the sea. discharge something (into something) The factory was fined for discharging chemicals into the river.
  6. force/power
  7. 4[transitive, intransitive] discharge (something) (specialist) to release force or power Lightning is caused by clouds discharging electricity.
  8. duty
  9. 5[transitive] discharge something to do everything that is necessary to perform and complete a particular duty to discharge your duties/responsibilities/obligations to discharge a debt (= to pay it)
  10. gun
  11. 6[transitive] discharge something to fire a gun, etc.
  12. Word OriginMiddle English (in the sense ‘relieve of (an obligation)’): from Old French descharger, from late Latin discarricare ‘unload’, from dis- (expressing reversal) + carricare, carcare ‘to load’, from Latin carrus ‘wheeled vehicle’.Extra examples All the people involved in the accident have now been discharged from hospital. He could not properly discharge his duties. He was found guilty and dishonourably discharged from the army. I will faithfully discharge my duties. Raw sewage was discharged from the treatment plant directly into the river. She was formally discharged by the court. The police officer accidentally discharged a firearm while unloading it. He knocked her hand down and the gun discharged into the floor. His widow was unable to discharge the debt. My condition renders me unable to discharge my duties. The judge took the unusual step of discharging the entire jury halfway through the trial. They gave a cheer and charged, discharging a volley of arrows as they came.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: discharge

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