English

Definition of dust noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    dust

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//dʌst//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//dʌst//
     
     
    jump to other results
  1. 1  [uncountable] a fine powder that consists of very small pieces of sand, earth, etc. A cloud of dust rose as the truck drove off. The workers wear masks to avoid inhaling the dust. see also cosmic dust Synonymssoilmud dust clay land earth dirt groundThese are all words for the top layer of the earth in which plants grow.soil the top layer of the earth in which plants grow:Plant the seedlings in damp soil.mud wet soil that is soft and sticky:The car wheels got stuck in the mud.dust a fine powder that consists of very small pieces of rock, earth, etc:A cloud of dust rose as the truck set off.clay a type of heavy sticky soil that becomes hard when it is baked and is used to make things such as pots and bricks:The tiles are made of clay.land an area of ground, especially of a particular type:an area of rich, fertile landearth the substance that plants grow in. Earth is often used about the soil found in gardens or used for gardening:She put some earth into the pot.dirt (especially North American English) soil, especially loose soil:Pack the dirt firmly around the plants.ground an area of soil:The car got stuck in the muddy ground. They drove across miles of rough, stony ground. Ground is not used for loose soil:a handful of dry groundPatterns good/​rich soil/​land/​earth fertile/​infertile soil/​land/​ground to dig the soil/​mud/​clay/​land/​earth/​ground to cultivate the soil/​land/​ground
  2. 2  the fine powder of dirt that forms in buildings, on furniture, floors, etc. The books were all covered with dust. There wasn't a speck of dust anywhere in the room. She is allergic to house dust. That guitar's been sitting gathering dust (= not being used) for years now.
  3. 3a fine powder that consists of very small pieces of a particular substance coal/gold dust see also dusty
  4. Word Origin Old English dūst, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch duist ‘chaff’.Extra examples Dust swirled around them like a misty cloud. He brushed the dust off his clothes. He started coughing as dust filled his lungs. Her chess set lay on a shelf gathering dust. I waited for the dust to settle from her resignation before talking to her about it. Remove any particles of dust on the surface of the paint. She shook the dust from her hair. The dust cleared and Hari could see a tiger. The dust now lay in a thick layer on her piano. The dust settled on everything in the kitchen. The tractor came up the track in a cloud of dust. The wind was blowing dust through the streets of the city. There was a layer of fine dust on the table. a house dust mite microscopic specks of dust A cloud of dust rose as the truck set off. The workers wear masks to stop them from inhaling the dust. There wasn’t a speck of dust anywhere. They rolled in the dust, fighting.Idioms
      bite the dust (informal)
       
      jump to other results
    1. 1to fail, or to be defeated or destroyed Thousands of small businesses bite the dust every year.
    2. 2(humorous) to die
    leave somebody in the dust
     
    jump to other results
    (North American English) to leave somebody far behind
    let the dust settle, wait for the dust to settle
     
    jump to other results
    to wait for a situation to become clear or certain He waited for the dust to settle after the election before making any new decisions.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: dust