(1857-1934) an English composer. His Enigma Variations (1899) and The Dream of Gerontius (1900) established him as the leading figure in British music at the time. One of the tunes from his Pomp and Circumstance marches was turned into the song Land of Hope and Glory (1902). Elgar's work encouraged people to take more interest in English music. He was made a knight in 1904.