(1899-1961) a US writer of novels and short stories. He created a style of writing using short, simple sentences, and received the Nobel Prize for literature in 1954. Hemingway drove an ambulance during World War I and later worked in France and Spain as a journalist reporting on World War II and the Spanish Civil War. His novels were about the loves and adventures of tough men. They included The Sun Also Rises (1926), A Farewell to Arms (1929), For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940) and The Old Man and the Sea (1952). When Hemingway became ill he shot himself at his home in Idaho.