Definition of evidence noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ˈevɪdəns//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈevɪdəns//
    Experiments and research
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  1. 1  [uncountable] the facts, signs or objects that make you believe that something is true evidence (of something) There is convincing evidence of a link between exposure to sun and skin cancer. The room bore evidence of a struggle. evidence (for something) We found further scientific evidence for this theory. evidence (that…) There is not a shred of evidence that the meeting actually took place. evidence (to suggest, show, etc.) Have you any evidence to support this allegation? On the evidence of their recent matches, it is unlikely the Spanish team will win the cup. (specialist) The cave contained evidences of prehistoric settlement. Language BankevidenceGiving proof There is clear evidence that TV advertising influences what children buy. It is clear from numerous studies that TV advertising influences what children buy. Recent research demonstrates that TV advertising influences children’s spending habits. Many parents think that TV advertising influences their children. This view is supported by the findings of a recent study, which show a clear link between television advertisements and children’s spending habits. The findings also reveal that most children are unaware of the persuasive purpose of advertising. There is little evidence that children understand the persuasive intent of advertising. The results contradict claims that advertising is unrelated to children’s spending habits. Manufacturers argue that it is difficult to prove that advertising alone influences what children buy. language bank at argue, e.g., illustrate Wordfinderanalysis, evaluate, evidence, experiment, hypothesis, laboratory, research, result, science, study See related entries: Experiments and research
  2. 2  [uncountable] the information that is used in court to try to prove something I was asked to give evidence (= to say what I knew, describe what I had seen, etc.) at the trial. He was released when the judge ruled there was no evidence against him. Wordfinderaccuse, appeal, counsel, defendant, evidence, justice, offence, plea, prosecution, trial CollocationsCriminal justiceBreaking the law break/​violate/​obey/​uphold the law be investigated/​arrested/​tried for a crime/​a robbery/​fraud be arrested/ (especially North American English) indicted/​convicted on charges of rape/​fraud/(especially US English) felony charges be arrested on suspicion of arson/​robbery/​shoplifting be accused of/​be charged with murder/(especially North American English) homicide/​four counts of fraud face two charges of indecent assault admit your guilt/​liability/​responsibility (for something) deny the allegations/​claims/​charges confess to a crime grant/​be refused/​be released on/​skip/​jump bailThe legal process stand/​await/​bring somebody to/​come to/​be on trial take somebody to/​come to/​settle something out of court face/​avoid/​escape prosecution seek/​retain/​have the right to/​be denied access to legal counsel hold/​conduct/​attend/​adjourn a hearing/​trial sit on/​influence/​persuade/​convince the jury sit/​stand/​appear/​be put/​place somebody in the dock plead guilty/​not guilty to a crime be called to/​enter (British English) the witness box take/​put somebody on the stand/(North American English) the witness stand call/​subpoena/​question/​cross-examine a witness give/​hear the evidence against/​on behalf of somebody raise/​withdraw/​overrule an objection reach a unanimous/​majority verdict return/​deliver/​record a verdict of not guilty/​unlawful killing/​accidental death convict/​acquit the defendant of the crime secure a conviction/​your acquittal lodge/​file an appeal appeal (against)/challenge/​uphold/​overturn a conviction/​verdictSentencing and punishment pass sentence on somebody carry/​face/​serve a seven-year/​life sentence receive/​be given the death penalty be sentenced to ten years (in prison/​jail) carry/​impose/​pay a fine (of $3 000)/a penalty (of 14 years imprisonment) be imprisoned/​jailed for drug possession/​fraud/​murder do/​serve time/​ten years be sent to/​put somebody in/​be released from jail/​prison be/​put somebody/​spend X years on death row be granted/​be denied/​break (your) parole see also circumstantial
  3. Word OriginMiddle English: via Old French from Latin evidentia, from evident- ‘obvious to the eye or mind’, from e- (variant of ex-) ‘out’ + videre ‘to see’.Extra examples A photo of the victim’s injuries was produced in evidence. Another team of scientists has come up with conflicting evidence. Archaeologists found evidence of a rich and varied culture at the settlement. Available evidence points to pilot error as the cause of the crash. Evidence is accumulating that a defective gene may be responsible for this disease. He cited Australia’s sporting success as evidence for his theory. He made the accusations without a shred of evidence to back them up. He says he’s been working hard, but I haven’t seen any evidence of it. I’ll accept this as prima facie evidence that there might be a problem. In the light of new evidence, a new enquiry into the crash is likely to take place. No new evidence has contradicted this research. On present evidence the team will be lucky to make the final. On the evidence of his latest exhibition, Miller is an artist who is past his best. Prosecutors say they destroyed evidence related to the case. Scientists are looking for evidence of life on other planets. Scientists have found fresh evidence to suggest that a huge explosion led to the death of the dinosaurs. Scientists have found fresh evidence to suggest that a huge explosion led to the extinction. She admitted giving false evidence to the court. She mulled over these scraps of evidence. She was hoping she would not have to give evidence in court. The company denies, in the face of overwhelming evidence, that smoking causes cancer. The court was shown photographic evidence. The defence accused the prosecution of withholding crucial evidence. The evidence pointed to the existence of an international smuggling network. The figures provide concrete evidence of the bank’s claim to provide the best service. The first chapter reviews the evidence on how children learn language. The judge can decide whether to admit or exclude evidence. The kidnapping charge was dropped because of lack of evidence. The police officer took a statement which was later used in evidence. The rise in crime is often cited as evidence of a general breakdown of authority. The scandal is damning evidence of the government’s contempt for democracy. The tapes provided evidence of her intentions. The team cited evidence from a recent earthquake to back up their idea. The team have been collecting evidence about war crimes. The woman went to court to give evidence against her attacker. There is ample evidence that the world is getting hotter. There is plenty of anecdotal evidence to suggest that crime is beginning to rise. There was a mass of circumstantial evidence linking Watson to the murder. They convicted the wrong man on the basis of a signed confession with no corroborative evidence. They will weigh this evidence and come to a rational conclusion. We do not have the evidence to prove these claims. We found no credible evidence to support this allegation. We must wait to hear his evidence before we make any judgement. What evidence do you have for that claim? a trend that has been much in evidence in recent years evidence from historical documents evidence linking her to the crime evidence of growing poverty based on extensive surveys He was released when the judge ruled that there was no evidence against him. I was asked to give evidence at the trial. On the evidence of their recent games, it is unlikely the Spanish team will win the cup. The jury heard evidence from 38 witnesses. We found further evidence for this theory.Idioms
    (on) the balance of evidence/probability
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    (formal) (considering) the evidence on both sides of an argument, to find the most likely reason for or result of something The balance of evidence suggests the Liberal party's decline began before the First World War.
    present and clearly seen The police were much in evidence at today's demonstration.
    turn King’s/Queen’s evidence (British English) (US English turn state’s evidence)
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    to give information against other criminals in order to get a less severe punishment compare plea bargaining
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: evidence