Definition of exchequer noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    exchequer

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//ɪksˈtʃekə(r)//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪksˈtʃekər//
     
    [singular]
     
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  1. 1(also the Exchequer) (in Britain) the government department that controls public money synonym treasury see also Chancellor of the Exchequer
  2. 2the public or national supply of money This resulted in a considerable loss to the exchequer.
  3. Word Origin Middle English: from Old French eschequier, from medieval Latin scaccarium ‘chessboard’, from scaccus, via Arabic from Persian šāh ‘king’. The original sense was ‘chessboard’. Current senses derive from the Norman department of state dealing with the royal revenues, named Exchequer from the chequered tablecloth on which accounts were kept using counters. The spelling was influenced by Latin ex- ‘out’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: exchequer

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