English

Definition of expend verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

expend

 verb
verb
BrE BrE//ɪkˈspend//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈspend//
 
Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they expend
BrE BrE//ɪkˈspend//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈspend//
 
he / she / it expends
BrE BrE//ɪkˈspendz//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈspendz//
 
past simple expended
BrE BrE//ɪkˈspendɪd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈspendɪd//
 
past participle expended
BrE BrE//ɪkˈspendɪd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈspendɪd//
 
-ing form expending
BrE BrE//ɪkˈspendɪŋ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈspendɪŋ//
 
 
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expend something (in/on somebody) | expend something (in/on/doing something) (formal) to use or spend a lot of time, money, energy, etc. She expended all her efforts on the care of home and children. Smith had expended large sums in pursuing his claim through the court. Most animals expend a lot of energy searching for food. Word Origin late Middle English: from Latin expendere, from ex- ‘out’ + pendere ‘weigh, pay’. Compare with spend.Extra examples Do you know how much energy you have to expend on just being a star? I am not prepared to expend any more effort on this project. the amount of time expended in cleaning The government has expended large sums of public money on a failing project. Try to get the best result without expending too much time and effort. Unlike most animals, mussels do not expend energy looking for food.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: expend