English

Definition of extend verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    extend

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//ɪkˈstend//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈstend//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they extend
    BrE BrE//ɪkˈstend//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈstend//
     
    he / she / it extends
    BrE BrE//ɪkˈstendz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈstendz//
     
    past simple extended
    BrE BrE//ɪkˈstendɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈstendɪd//
     
    past participle extended
    BrE BrE//ɪkˈstendɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈstendɪd//
     
    -ing form extending
    BrE BrE//ɪkˈstendɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈstendɪŋ//
     
     
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    make longer/larger/wider
  1. 1  [transitive] extend something to make something longer or larger to extend a fence/road/house There are plans to extend the no-smoking area.
  2. 2  [transitive] extend something to make something last longer to extend a deadline/visa The show has been extended for another six weeks. Careful maintenance can extend the life of your car.
  3. 3  [transitive] extend something to make a business, an idea, an influence, etc. cover more areas or operate in more places The company plans to extend its operations into Europe. The school is extending the range of subjects taught.
  4. include
  5. 4[intransitive] + adv./prep. to relate to or include somebody/something The offer does not extend to employees' partners. His willingness to help did not extend beyond making a few phone calls.
  6. cover area/time/distance
  7. 5[intransitive] + adv./prep. to cover a particular area, distance or length of time Our land extends as far as the river. His writing career extended over a period of 40 years.
  8. 6[intransitive] + adv./prep. to make something reach something or stretch to extend a rope between two posts
  9. part of body
  10. 7[transitive] extend something to stretch part of your body, especially an arm or a leg, away from yourself He extended his hand to (= offered to shake hands with) the new employee. (figurative) to extend the hand of friendship to (= try to have good relations with) another country
  11. offer/give
  12. 8[transitive] (formal) to offer or give something to somebody extend something to somebody I'm sure you will join me in extending a very warm welcome to our visitors. to extend hospitality to overseas students The bank refused to extend credit to them (= to lend them money). extend somebody something to extend somebody an invitation
  13. use effort/ability
  14. 9[transitive, often passive] extend somebody/something/yourself to make somebody/something use all their effort, abilities, supplies, etc. Jim didn't really have to extend himself in the exam. Hospitals were already fully extended because of the epidemic.
  15. see also extension, extensive
    Word Origin late Middle English: from Latin extendere ‘stretch out’, from ex- ‘out’ + tendere ‘stretch’.Extra examples The country’s power extends far beyond its military capabilities. The repayment period will be extended from 20 years to 25 years. Careful maintenance can extend the life of your car by several years. Each summer we are asked to extend hospitality to overseas students. I’m sure you will join me in extending a very warm welcome to our visitors. The bank refused to extend credit to them. The wood does not extend very far. There are plans to extend the road network in the north of the country. They extended the invitation to all members of staff. They’ve agreed to extend the deadline. We extend our greetings to you and thank you for listening to us. We extend our sympathy to the families of the victims. We extended a rope between the two posts. You can add value to your house by extending or renovating it.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: extend